GV101 Week 3.docx

G russia under putin elections used as tools to help

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pluralism, yet no real competition for political office (e.g. Russia under Putin) - Elections used as tools to help the ruling elite govern (e.g. Village Elections in China) - “Selectorate Theory”; o Two different supporting groups of leaders Selectorate, people who have a say in selecting a leader Winning coalition, sub-set of selectorate whose support is necessary for the leader to remain in power - The larger the winning coalition, the more public goods and less corruption - Credible Power-Sharing (Magaloni, 2008) o To survive in office, dictators need to establish power-sharing arrangements with their “ruling coalitions” o Hegemonic-party dictatorships are more stable than single-party dictatorships or military juntas - Clear change between time period 1960-1990 and 1991-2004 in terms of confidence within military dictatorships to hold on to power o Most probably due to the fact that 1991-2004, world became more global and regimes became more dependent on international community
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2. Reading - Autocrats face two types of threats to their rule; o Within the ruling elite o Outsiders within society Autocrats attempt to ‘encapsulate’ the potential opposition (O’Donnell 1973) - Nondemocratic rulers use several methods to solicit cooperation; o Policy concessions Must be formalized as legal norms o Distribution of spoils Need not assume a legal form (Collier,1982; Zolberg,1969) - Civilian rule requires a higher need for cooperation than monarchs and military rulers (Gandhi, Przeworski, 2007)
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  • Winter '15
  • Absolute monarchy, Monarchy, Military dictatorship

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