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He is made Minister without portfoliooHe is made the Prussian Minister of Interior (the largest state of Germany)So he is in control of the largest police force in GermanyoHe is also the President of ReichstagoWields considerable power being Minister of Interior as well asPresident of ReichstagFrick controls the rest of Germany (other than Prussia), as well as their police forcesWerner von Blomberg:oHe the German Minister of DefenseoNot a member of the NAZI party, but sympathetic to them°°Consolidation of Power:Reichstag dissolves on February 1st, 1933New Elections (March 5th, 1933):oNAZI party received 43.9% of vote Plus 8% from DNVP (the leading conservative party) made them the majority voteoThe NAZI party view this as a failureThey want to have more than half the vote themselvesoDuring these weeks, the NAZIs campaigned harder than ever
“Emergency Decree” (February 4th, 1933):oAllows detention for up to 3 months for those engaged in armed breaches of the peace or acts of treasonHowever, it is up to the NAZI party to depict what ‘breaches of peace’ and/or ‘acts of treason’ areoNAZIs can do all the bad things they did before (harassment, etc.), but now they can make legitimate arrests for itoThis decree also limits the freedom of the pressSS/SA made Auxiliary Police (February 22nd, 1933):oWhen police are called, SS/SA arrive“Decree for the Protection of People and State” (Feb. 28th, 1933):oAlso called the ‘Reichstag Fire Decree’ because of the claimed ‘communist’ setting fire to the Reichstag buildingUsed to depict a German revolution‘Dangers’ of the communist partyoThis halts communist parties’ abilities in campaigning“Enabling Act” (March 23rd, 1933):oAble to issue laws without the Reichstago2/3 majority vote neededPasses – 444 to 94Only the SPD (Social Democratic Party) votes against itoThis deviated from the constitutionoThe act lasted 4 years°°‘Gleichschaltung’ (Coordination):Bringing all elements of German state and society into lineLargely completed by July, 1933Characterized by immense violence
Particularly concerned with political opposition, labour, and military (who had not declared their support for the NAZI party yet)oWithout military support, impossible to control a countryProblems for NAZIs:oSA was becoming threatening in diminishing the power of the partyHindenburg still had the power to remove Hitler as Chancellor (as he was the President)oHitler then began his plans to bring everything into lineControlling ‘Lander’ (State) Governments:o“Civil Service Law” (April 7th, 1933):Non-Aryans can be removed from civil service positions, and political positionso‘Reichstatthalter’ (Reich Governors):Fabricated position made to take over state, and municipal governmentsThey would come in and control the leader of that regionThey would also remove people who have been democratically elected