Includes such behaviors as withholding information

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Includes such behaviors as withholding information, whistle blowing, spreading rumors and leaking confidential information. “Political” Label vs. “Effective Management” Label Blaming others vs. Fixing Responsibility 44
Zusammenfassung VU OB “Kissing up” vs. Developing working relationships Apple Polishing vs. Demonstrating loyalty Passing the buck vs. Delegating authority Covering your rear vs. Documenting decisions Creating conflict vs. Encouraging change and innovation Forming coalitions vs. Facilitating teamwork Whistle blowing vs. Improving efficiency Scheming vs. Planning ahead Overachieving vs. Competent and capable Ambitious vs. Career minded Opportunistic vs. Astute Cunning vs. Practical minded Arrogant vs. Confident Perfectionist vs. Attentive to detail Causes and Consequences of Political Behavior Organizational politics may threaten employees Decreased job satisfaction Increased anxiety and stress Increased turnover 45 Political Behavior Low High Favorable Outcomes Rewards Averted punishments Organizational Factors Reallocation of resources Promotion opportunities Low trust Role ambiguity Unclear performance evaluation system Zero-sum reward practices Democratic decision making High performance pressures Self-serving senior managers Individual Factors High self-monitors Internal locus of control High Mach personality Organizational investment Perceived job alternatives Expectations of success
Zusammenfassung VU OB Reduced performance Defensive behaviors 1. Avoiding Action Overconforming : Strictly interpreting your responsibility by saying things like, “The rules clearly state…” or “This is the way we’ve always done it.” Buck passing: Transferring responsibility for the execution of a task or decision to someone else. Playing dumb: Avoiding and unwanted task by falsely pleading ignorance or inability. Stretching: Prolonging a task so that one person appears to be occupied – for example, turning a two-week task into a four-month job. Stalling: Appearing to be more or less supportive publicly while doing little or nothing privately. 2. Avoiding Blame Buffing: This is a nice way to refer to “covering your rear”. It describes the practice of rigorously documenting activity to project an image of competence and thoroughness. Playing Safe: Evading situations that may reflect unfavorably. It includes taking on only projects with a high probability of success, having risky decisions approved by superiors, qualifying expressions of judgement and taking neutral positions in conflicts. Justifying: Developing explanations that lessen one’s responsibility for a negative outcome and/or apologizing to demonstrate remorse. Scapegoating: Placing the blame for a negative outcome on external factors that are not entirely blameworthy.

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