Are women more likely to contract HIV through unprotected heterosexual intercourse than men? o Women are more likely to contract via high-risk heterosexual contact (~86% of all women who contract and vs ~12% of men) o Men are more likely to contract via male-to-male sexual contact (~79% of all men who contract) Incubation time varies greatly (3-6 months after initial infection to show and result) o For HIV-positive adults who receive no medical treatment, AIDS will develop in 8-10 years o Opportunistic infections are characteristic of the disease Possible Warning Signs of HIV o Rapid weight loss (wasting syndrome) o Dry cough o Recurring fever or profuse night sweats o Profound and unexplained fatigue o Swollen lymph glands in the arm pits, groin, or neck
o Diarrhea lasting more than 1 week o White spots on tongue, in mouth or throat o Pneumonia o Memory loss, depression AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) o An AIDS diagnosis occurs when a person has a dangerously low CD4 count (below 200 cells per cubic milliliter of blood) or contracts one or more opportunistic infections (e.g., Kaposi’s sarcoma, TB, cervical cancer, or pneumonia) Testing is the only sure way to know if individual is infected Prevention of HIV transmission o Abstinence or mutual monogamy o Use latex condoms for protection o No needle sharing o Avoid high-risk sex (with prostitutes or injection drug users or unprotected with infected individuals) o Screen pregnant women Why higher rates of STIs among African Americans? Represent 14% of the US population Account for: o 1/3 of all reported chlamydia cases o Almost ½ of all syphilis cases o 2/3 of all reported gonorrhea cases 1. Social environment & prevalence of STIs 2. Financial difficulties 3. Higher rates of incarceration 4. Distrust of medical system Tuskegee Experiment Intent was to study the natural progression of syphilis among African American men Most participants (N=600, n=399 with syphilis) were poor and illiterate sharecroppers in Alabama o Enticed with free medical care, food, and burial insurance Study was from 1932 – 1972 o After funding for treatment was lost, the study continued without informing the men they would never be treated o None of the men infected was ever told he had the disease o In 1947, we knew that penicillin was a treatment of syphilis, but treatment was withheld Affected the men, their wives, and children Healthy Relationships Intimate Relationships Relationships with family, friends, romantic partners Four Characteristics:
1. Behavioral interdependence – mutual impact people have on each other as their lives and daily activities intertwine 2. Need fulfillment – fulfill psychological needs o Intimacy – share feelings o Social integration – share worries and concerns o Nurturance – take care of/takes care of us o Assistance – helps us in times of need o Affirmation – reassures us of our own worth & tells us we matter 3. Emotional attachment – feelings of love; not just sex 4. Emotional availability – ability to give and receive from others emotionally without fear of being hurt or rejected Relating to Yourself Influences relationship choices o
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 22 pages?
- Fall '14
- Human Sexuality, partner, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior