3Appellate Courts e 13 US courts of appeal e 11 have jurisdiction to hear

3appellate courts e 13 us courts of appeal e 11 have

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3.Appellate Courts e. 13 U.S courts of appeal e. 11 have jurisdiction to hear appeals from the district courts located in the states w/in their respective boundaries e. Can take judgments from this court to U.S Supreme Court · Trial (large #) then intermediate then supreme · Trial court is what we all know of as a court, first stop for cases, called district courses in the federal system · Appeal to Intermediate does not start over! Just say something was wrong with the trial court, a panel of judges reviews the case for errors, circuit courts · Supreme chooses what court they want if they appeal from intermediate, party must ask Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari to proceed, usually the answer is no,· Federal courts hear: Cases about federal laws, plaintiffs base their claims on federal law Diversity of citizenship case, Cases between people from different states worth $75,000 at least Federal Courts have subject matter jurisdiction over any civil case in which the plaintiff's claim arises from the U.S Constitution, federal statute or a federal treaty. Jurisdiction: a court’s power or authority over a case, 2 types 1. Subject matter jurisdiction : a court’s power to hear a particular type or category of case Can’t file breach of contract in a tax court 2. Personal jurisdiction : a court’s power or authority over the parties involved in the lawsuit, focus is on the defendant They have this authority if the defendant takes a formal step to defend a lawsuit or if they are summoned papers - Appearance
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