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3.Appellate Courtse.13 U.S courts of appeale.11 have jurisdiction to hear appeals from the district courts located in the states w/in their respective boundariese.Can take judgments from this court to U.S Supreme Court· Trial (large #) then intermediate then supreme· Trial court is what we all know of as a court, first stop for cases, called district courses in the federal system· Appeal to Intermediate does not start over! Just say something was wrong with the trial court, a panel of judges reviews the case for errors, circuit courts· Supreme chooses what court they want if they appeal from intermediate, party mustask Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari to proceed, usually the answer is no,· Federal courts hear:Cases about federal laws, plaintiffs base their claims on federal lawDiversity of citizenship case, Cases between people from different states worth $75,000 at leastFederal Courts have subject matter jurisdiction over any civil case in which the plaintiff's claim arises from the U.S Constitution, federal statute or a federal treaty. Jurisdiction:a court’s power or authority over a case, 2 types1. Subject matter jurisdiction: a court’s power to hear a particular type or category of caseCan’t file breach of contract in a tax court2. Personal jurisdiction: a court’s power or authority over the parties involved in the lawsuit, focus is on the defendantThey have this authority if the defendant takes a formal step to defend a lawsuit or if they are summoned papers - Appearance