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•Status of the other becomes an obstacle to listening when a persons rank,reputation, or social position leads people to dismiss or fail to critically examine a message•Past experience with the other becomes an obstacle to listening when previous encounters with a person lead people to dismiss or fail critically examine a message. •Message complexity becomes a obstacle to listening when a person finds a message so complex or confusing that he or she stops listening CRITICAL LISTENINGCritical listening involves analyzing and evaluating the accuracy,legitimacy, and value of messages and is part of the more general process of critical evaluation of everything in life doesn't have to be negative Critical evaluation in everyday life People are constantly being called to make critical evaluations and judgements as they encounter others messages and general life experiences The need for critical listening pervades your daily life as it especially evident in your personal relationships your academic life and your role as a consumer Personal Relationships- all relational and interactions demand the presence of critical evaluationAcademic life- Critical evaluation means questioning and
evaluating the material to examine its accuracy and ligitamacy instead of memorizing facts and definitions and then regurgitating them on an examination. With this you gain a better understanding of the material and increase your overall ability to learnConsumers- Consumers are bombarded with advertisements throughout the day that demand critical evaluation. Critical listening may be the difference between getting a good deal on a used car or buying the expensive one the sales person was urging you to get Elements of Critical ListeningEvaluation of plausibilitySometimes someone says something and you feel like something's not rightWhen you experience this feeling your evaluating the plausibility of the message Plausibility - the extent to witch it seems legitimate The evaluation of plausibility is your first defense as a criticallistener
Evaluation of sourceWhen critically examining a message, you must evaluate its sourceYou make judgements about a sources credibility based on such factors as trustworthiness and expertise in a particular area Evaluation of argument When critically evaluating an argument you must examine 3 criteria:1.Consistency concerned whether the message is free of internal contradiction and in harmony with info you already know is true2.Appropriate support evidence must directly support and uphold the claim3.Adequate support must be an adequate amount of evidence to support the claimEvaluation of evidenceMust evaluate by verifiability and qualityVerifiability indicates the material provided can be confirmed by other sources or means Quality of the evidence encompasses your perceived credibility of the source, lack of source bias, and timelinesCRITICAL LISTENING AND FALLACIOUS ARGUMENTSEngaging in critical listening requires recognition of