When each of the contributing participants have

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In each round of contribution, one of the participants is designated the recipient of funds from other participants. When each of the contributing participants have received the group fund once, the cycle of tontine is complete. At the end of a cycle, a new cycle is usually initiated. For the first beneficiary, the tontine is similar to a credit, and for the last participant, the tontine is like a saving. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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25 of women’s savings and loans groups in Liberia had been drastically affected since members were not able to pay back their loans. In addition, rural women in Melekie, Bong County, who specialized in poultry farming, could not restock due to border closure, since Côte d’Ivoire is a major source of feed and chicks. In Liberia, as community Ebola task forces were being established in most communities to monitor the movements of inhabitants and people from neighbouring villages, the movement of people between communities for trade was severely curtailed. For example, businesswomen were prevented from going to neighbouring towns and villages where they normally buy agricultural products to resell in urban areas (UNDP, 2014a). Finally, the impact of the epidemic on attendance at reproductive health services (antenatal clinics, attended deliveries, caesareans, etc.) is exposing women to risks associated with pregnancy and childbirth. They also suffer from the slowdown observed in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This is the situation in the three epicentre countries – Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. There is the likelihood of increased child pregnancy due to the closure of schools for more than six months. 13 2.2.2 The Ebola virus disease and children Children are not spared the psychological trauma created by the EVD. As of January 2015, there is evidence that 16,600 children had lost one or both parents or primary caregivers to Ebola. 14 One out of four children affected by the EVD survived and most children who survived became orphans. 15 Many children in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone have lost one or both parents to Ebola since the start of the outbreak in West Africa. Orphans are usually taken in by a member of the extended family, but in some communities, the fear that surrounded Ebola has become stronger than family ties to the extent that some of the affected children feel unwanted and even abandoned. Ensuring that this group of people is not excluded from the recovery process is an important challenge that must be overcome. It also calls for the need to rekindle the fabric of lives and kinship ties that were functioning before Ebola in order to sustain the social capital of extended families and support to relatives and neighbours. This extraordinary resilience of communities at a time of great hardship must persevere. 13 The feedback from UN Women from Sierra Leone and Liberia tends to support an increase in child pregnancy.
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  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

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