Condenced Notes -2 - China in Chaos 1839 - 1900

D george stephenson had created the first locomotive

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

d. George Stephenson had created the first locomotive, the Rocket, in 1829. It traveled from Manchester to Liverpool on iron tracks at 29 mph. e. The British had muskets, swivel cannon that could be aimed and fired, ironclad ships powered by steam, a large empire from which to draw resources, a professional army and the finest navy in the world. f. China was an agricultural nation. They had no factories. They had no small arms manufacturing plants. They had no railroad or steam driven vessels. Their ships were made of wood, unprotected by iron plating. g. Chinese cannon were not as powerful as British cannon. They could not fire as far as British cannon. British ships could stand offshore and pound Chinese targets with cannon fire while the Chinese were unable to retaliate against British vessels. h. When the wooden Chinese naval ships – Junks – sailed out to meet the iron plated British steamships equipped with powerful, swivel cannon for battle, they were annihilated. i. By 1842 the Chinese faced utter disaster. The British controlled the Yangtze River splitting China into two sections. The British navy stood off the city of Nanjing and were prepared to bombard the city. j. China surrendered. 3. The Treaty of Nanjing (1842) a. This treaty was the first of dozens of treaties China was forced to accept. The powerful, industrial states of Europe began the division of China into spheres of influence. They enacted laws that enabled them to exploit China. b. Nanjing had a few key points. Britain received the island of Hong Kong and retained possession of this island until 1997. The British received the right to travel to many other Chinese cities and soon began selling opium to the populations of these areas. c. The British were reimbursed millions of dollars for the costs of the war and the opium the Chinese had destroyed in 1839. The British also claimed an important and humiliating right: Extraterritoriallity .
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern