Before congress who established a committee to

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before congress, who established a committee to investigate Watergate Investigations revealed Nixon secretly tape records everything that happens in oval office Once the tapes were released, there was clear evidence of Nixon’s involvement
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Watergate Aftermath By the end of July 1974, congress was moving to impeach the president Nixon resigned before he could be impeached President Ford later pardoned Nixon Allowed Nixon to avoid criminal or civil charges Many of Nixon’s aides and other top officials were found guilty of perjury, conspiracy, or burglary and received jail
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Iran-Contra Affair Early 1980s, the US sold weapons to Iran in order to finance the Nicaraguan Contras as they attempted to over throw the democratically elected Sandinista government At the time there was an arms embargo with Iran They were at war with Iraq, and anti- American Reagan government had a policy against
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Iran-Contra Affair The CIA was aiding the Contras against the socialist Sandinista government After public disapproval, congress passed a prohibition against intelligence agencies using appropriated money to fund the Contras Called the Boland Amendment The Reagan administration used the National Security Council to sell weapons to Iran to raise money in secret And to gain the release of hostages held by Hezbollah
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Iran-Contra Affair The CIA would divert the money from weapons sales to fund the Contras Evidence suggests that the US was aware that the planes flown to deliver money and weapons carried Contra personnel and cocaine back to the US May have played a role in the L.A. crack epidemic
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Iran-Contra Affair The scandal was exposed after a plane bound for Nicaragua with guns was downed and personnel were captured The head of these covert ops began destroying documents Pres. Reagan admitted to, but later claimed no knowledge about the affair Nothing ever happened to him
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Aftermath Nicaragua sued the US in the International Court of Justice The judicial court of the UN The court ruled in favor of Nicaragua, mandating the US pay compensation It refused, and as part of the Security Council, blocked enforcement attempts Very little prison time was served by only a few involved Sentences were either overturned on appeal or pardoned by H. W. Bush
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The Holocaust The state sponsored killing of millions of Jews, Romani, war prisoners, Polish and Soviet civilians, political dissidents, and generally anyone deemed “unfit” A crime of this scope cannot be carried out by a single agency Required the resources and organization of the entire German state
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Role of Bureaucracy The entire bureaucratic structure of the state was repurposed to carry the crime The structure also allowed the perpetrators to be psychologically able to carry out the crime From Hitler, down the chain of the organization, to train operators, they all played a role in the facilitation of Holocaust
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The Process of Genocide
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