TO KEEP THE COMANDMENTS The Shema Shma Yisraeil Deuteronomy 64 9 relationship

To keep the comandments the shema shma yisraeil

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TO KEEP THE COMANDMENTS The Shema (Sh'ma Yis'ra'eil) Deuteronomy 6:4-9 - relationship between Israelite people and god- highlights the centrality of practice (recited twice daily in special services) - Have to practice it – not just something you believe it is something that you do - If those can be your last words you have aligned yourself properly with the god and will go forward with a clean consciousness Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord alone. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might. Keep these words that I am commanding you today in your heart. Recite them to your children and talk about them when you are at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you rise. Bind them as a sign on your hand, fix them as an emblem on your forehead, and write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. Exile/ diaspora - scattering about- throughout much of the history of Judaism it was not simply a religious identity but an ethnic identity- they traced their descent back to Abraham - (2nd millennium - 536 BCE) Biblical Period (books of bible written)- 586/7 BCE → Destruction of the Temple of Solomon and exile - (538 BCE - 70 CE) The Second Temple Period conclusion of the exile- live under commandments - (70 CE - 6th c. CE) The Rabbinic Period (diaspora begins- Jews needed to redefine how they practice Judaism without the temple- practiced around the study of text) - Hebrew → Israelite → Jew (historical development) c. 1900 - 1700 bce - The Age of the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob/Israel
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Proposed route of the Patriarchs from Ur to Canaan and Egypt not much evidence archiologically Proposed route of the Israelites from Egypt into Canaan The Twelve Tribes of Israel Jacob had 12 children and each created a Tribe The United Kingdom of Israel c. 1020 – 920 BCE Ruled by Kings: Saul, David, and Solomon These are people who rules themselves according to commandments
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722 BCE – Northern kingdom of Israel is conquered by the Assyrians Jewish term comes from the Kindgom of Judah 586 BCE – Southern kingdom of Judah conquered by the Babylonians and Solomon’s temple in Jerusalem destroyed. Leaders of the community exiled in Babylon. Israelites ran the country on the commandments on temple of Solomon- the temple was destroyed and residence of religion exiled into Babylon Earliest uses of term Jew - The book of the macabees in relation to going against the opressors The story of Judas Maccabeus and his brothers, and the purification of the great temple, and the dedication of the altar, and further the wars against Antiochus Epiphanes and his son Eupator, and the appearances that came from heaven to those who fought bravely for Judaism, so that though few in number they seized the whole land and pursued the barbarian hordes, and regained possession of the temple famous throughout the world, and liberated the city, and re-established the laws that were about to be abolished, while the Lord with great kindness became gracious to them… (2 Maccabees 2: 19-23).
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  • Winter '17
  • Angela Sumegi
  • Judaism

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