Chapter 13 – Problem solving part II.docx

Solution drawing this out one can see how the worm

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Solution : drawing this out, one can see how the worm doesn’t necessarily need to go through books A and Z to get to the back of volume Z. People with an algebraic approach tend to get this problem wrong. Analogical transfer: solving a current problem by means of an analogy with an already solved problem o Radiation problem study: A problem that focuses on how to tackle a really bad tumor with strong radiation. This problem can be easier to solve when presented next to a similar problem that’s more straight forward in terms of how to solve. o Necessary steps to analogical transfer: Noticing Mapping Applying o When given two problems like this, percentage who solve this problem increases as: (1) no hint (2) an analogous problem with no suggestions it helps (3) an analogous problem with suggestions that it helps o To make analogies, people need to think about the principles governing the actual problem (focusing on the “deep structure” rather than the “surface structure”)
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o Problem solving can improve if people pay more attention to the problems’ underlying dynamic o Understanding a problem means 90% of participants getting the solution while memorizing a problem means only 69% of participants getting the solution 2. Experts Differences between experts and novices: o Experts Individuals acknowledges as being extremely knowledgeable/skilled in a particular field They understand how discipline is organized and understand critical
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