Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

The school funding norms will be amended to cover

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is prevented by school fees, distance, or other barriers from attending school. The School Funding Norms will be amended to cover routine maintenance and cleaning materials. The Department hopes to implement the Plan over the next three years. By the end of three-years, the Department hopes that no poor school will need to charge school fees. The formula used in determining exemptions will take into account part of the cost of school uniforms and ‘hidden’ fees. Farm schools pose a particular challenge, partly because of the potential control that the owner of the land upon which the school is located have over the school. It has been reported, in isolated cases, that farmers have used this control to obtain additional labour during busy seasons by employing such school children. It had been announced in the past that, because of such and other difficulties, it is the government’s policy to close farm schools. However, this should be reconsidered, because it make education less accessible thereby encouraging children to work. Proposals for action in this regard are listed below: (88) The principal of a school should be given the responsibility to identify children who are frequently absent from school and in need of care and protection, assist them in returning to school, and give their names and addresses to the provincial head of social development. At the same time a clearer policy and better implementation of monitoring of absenteeism as a way of addressing child labour should be developed. Lead institution: DrE ; Secondary institution: DrSD. New policy? Yes. One of cost : minimal. Recurrent cost : minimal. Time line : To be done within one year of adoption of policy. (see (16)) ILO funding: to be used for the development of a better monitoring system of absenteeism as well as for a pilot programme. (89) Standard monitoring approaches regarding school attendance such as registers should be supplemented by research to establish which groups are at particular risk. Mechanisms should be established to share this information with the relevant agencies. Lead institution: DrE .
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Page 62 Proposed action – by forms of harm Draft 4,10 Oct 2003 New policy? Yes. Once off cost : minimal. Recurrent cost : minimal. Time line : to be embarked on within one year of adoption of policy. (90) Some children work because their families would not otherwise be able to afford school fees. There is thus a need for awareness raising and enforcement of the national school fee policy in respect of exemptions for poorer families and children who are fostered. Effectively distributing existing DOE material should greatly assist in this regard. Such awareness-raising is especially important in the three years before the Plan of Action on improving access is fully implemented. Lead institution: DrE. Secondary institution: NGOs . New Policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Recurrent cost : minimal. Time line : to be embarked on within one year of adoption of policy.
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