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experience, distress, unhappiness, low confidence and concentration problems. Sleepingproblems are also common signs of poor psychological health. Family-work conflicts were also14
shown to have a negative impact on the psychological health of employees (Kluczyk, 2013;Kumari & Selvi, 2016). This is mainly the case as the conflict results to substance disorders andanxiety. However, the findings were quite weak in associating psychological distress withfamily-work conflicts. Nonetheless, these findings indicate that conflicting work and familymatters lead to poor psychological health. This fact is supported by the studies by Frone (2000).It can, thus, be concluded that work-family and family-work conflicts impacts negatively on thepsychological health of employees and hence results to poor wellbeing of the employees. Work life balance has also been shown to lead to healthy wellbeing of the employees whenpositive policies are put in place as had been proposed in the fourth hypothesis. For instance, thestudy by Wessels (2012) show that work engagement enables employees to know what isrequired of them and thus have full energy to perform their duty and this generally improvestheir job satisfaction. Work place support also leads to job satisfaction. This is because whenemployees perceive that their organization regard their contributions and puts into considerationtheir wellbeing, the employees feel obligated to offer full commitment to their work and therebyend up gaining work satisfaction. Therefore, organizations that fulfil the emotional and socialneeds of their employees, such as offering them ideal benefits and wages, increases theiremployee’s work satisfaction. The study by Jang (2008) supports Wessels (2012) findings as it shows that a supportiveworkplace enhances work satisfaction. Jang (2008) found that parents who were in anorganization with a positive culture and where the employer was supportive indicated that theyperceived ability to access flexible work schedule. This is because they perceived that they couldget time off, or have their working hours reduced as well as get parental leaves. Therefore, thisstudy concludes that poor work life balance is associated with low family and work satisfactionas well as poor psychological health. On the contrary, a healthy life balance which is determinedby the work policies leads to healthy wellbeing of the employees. Thus, this findings enabled anunderstanding of the implications of work life balance on the wellbeing of the Australianemployees in the private sector. 5.0 ConclusionIn conclusion, this study aimed at investigating the implications and relationship between worklife balance and the wellbeing of employees in the private sector in Australia. To achieve this15
object, the relationships between work-family and family-work conflicts and family and worksatisfaction as well as psychological health were explored. This involved a qualitative approachwhere eight past studies were analyzed. The study was important as work life balance has been atopic of discussion for a long time in Australia and up to date, many Australians seem to be
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The Land, ........., Occupational health psychology, Work-family conflict, Family Satisfaction