SOC 344 PERSPECTIVES F 08

About 55 percent of all mothers with children under 1

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About 55 percent of all mothers with children under 1 year of age are in the labor force, down from an all-time high of 59 percent in 1998. In addition, six out of every ten married women with children under 6 years old are in the labor force. This means that many couples are now coping with domestic and employment responsibilities while raising young children.
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WHAT DO YOU THINK? Is the Family Deteriorating? Is the Family simply Changing? Is the Family Stronger than Ever?
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So What? Family perspectives are ideas that have consequences, that is, they are often translated into laws, policies, and resources. These laws and policies affect our own family lives. The remedies/solutions to family problems as well as the agencies that would bring about such changes are often the result of your thinking and your perspective on the family.
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1. The Family Is Deteriorating End of Family : "The family, in its old sense, is disappearing from our land, and not only are our institutions threatened, but the very existence of our society is endangered". Marriage crisis : the "marriage crisis" due to high divorce rates resulting from self-indulgence, too much luxury, extreme independence, financial strain, and incompatible personalities. Indicators of family "decay” : high rates of divorce, children born out of wedlock, millions of "latchkey children," an increase in the number of people deciding not to get married, unprecedented numbers of single-parent families, and a decline of parental authority in the home. Blaming mothers : If mothers stayed at home and took care of their children, these writers maintain, we would have less delinquency, fewer high school dropouts, and more children who are disciplined.
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DECLINE OF THE FAMILY Conservative, Liberal, and Feminist Views Janet Z. Giele
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CONSERVATIVE VIEWS The Data : Rising Divorce rates Breakdown of Two-parent Families Father Absence More Women in the Labor Force Rising Teenage Suicide High rates of Teen Births High Levels of Drug Addiction Teen Violence
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The Conservative Model Cultural and Moral Weakening + Government Welfare Programs FAMILY BREAKDOWN Father absence School Failure Poverty Crime Drug use CULTURAL NORMS: q Undermining norms of sexual abstinence q Permissiveness of adultery and divorce q Obscure and simple notions of right and wrong q Diminished role of tradition q Impersonal non-trusting relations q Migration and ethnic values q Diminished role of fathers GOVERNMENT WELFARE: q Makes Fatherless Families a viable option q Breakdown of 2-parent family q Children in Poverty
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Role of Fathers Popenoe Decline Culture of Fatherlessness is most significant trend in our times: Fathers as not necessary As Seconds to mothers Fathers as breadwinners only Paternal Deprivation is a form of Child Abuse, a violation of the rights of children.
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The Problem with Marriage Steven Nock Marriage is an institution with agreed upon values, benefits and responsibilities.
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