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region about which he had entertained such bright hopes at the centuries start, but rather the verbal realm he continued to explore in his later writings. o“Long gone from that still-struggling colony by then, he had internalized it so well that he helped to make it a permanent part of the English – and the Anglo-American – imagination.” (pg 59).From The General History of Virginia, New England, and the Summer IslesoOpens with starvation in Virginia. The lower-class people are without food or alcohol, but the President had taken supplies for himself, so he was well fed. oThe lack of food, manner of living, and the hard work of building the palisade in the heat had weakened the settlers. oMay-September Fifty people died and there was a political shift. President Wingfield was ousted, and Radcliffe was made president. After that political shift the surgeon general (Master Thomas Wotten) was praised for saving those who were ill. During this period people lived off fish and sea crabs. oWhen there were no other provisions for the settlers to live off of – “when God the patron of all good endeavors, in that desperate extremity so changed the heartsof the savages, that they brought such plenty of their fruits, and provision, as no man wanted.” (pg 60). The blame for this period of want is put on those who sailed the settlers to Virginia because they were ignorant of their endeavor and took five months – significantly longer than it should have taken – and thus robbed the settlers of provisions once they got there while also causing them to miss the planting season. oPresident Radcliffe and Captain Martin were not good about foreseeing the dangers present to the colony, so they had assigned the management of all outside their enclosure to John Smith. 4
oSmith was praised for working hard to ensure that the settlers had a place to live, though he neglected any living space for himself. He is further praised for trading with the natives despite not knowing their language. oSmith along with about 7 men traveled to Kecoughtan to trade. “But seeing by trade and courtesy there was nothing to be had, he made bold to try such conclusions as necessity enforced; though contrary to his commission, he let fly his muskets, ran his boat on shore, whereat they all fled into the woods.” (pg 61). This is a perfect example of Smith’s temperament. After this Smith and his men traveled towards the natives houses and once again opened fire on them and took their Okee (their idol) until the natives were forced to surrender and load his ship with supplies. These provisions were carelessly consumed by the settlers instead of rationing them in case of future hardships. oOnce Smith and the others return to the colony, Smith learns of a plan between Wingfield and Kendall to abandon the colony. Smith puts a stop to this plan, but Kendall was killed. Smith also stopped a similar plan between President Radcliffe and CaptainAnchor. oAs winter approached, the natives gave the settlers corn, while the settlers hunted birds and fish and gathered fruits. oSmith then takes a group of the settlers up the Chickahominy River to discover the source of it. During this pursuit, he was taken prisoner by hundreds of savagesfor about 7 weeks.