Children are actively participating in gender role

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look. children are ACTIVELY participating in gender role identity. Gender typing: The process by which children acquire not only a gender identity but also the motives, values, and behaviors considered appropriate for their sex. Happens through the above influences. 4
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14. Are sex differences in behavior important? Describe how you might answer this question differently depending on whether you focused on average differences in characteristics and abilities, or focused instead on the overall distribution of these abilities between boys and girls. What are the characteristics and behavior in which males and females are significantly different? To children they are because they become one of the early and important ways in which kids categorize other people and identify themselves. Sex differences: Girls: better in Verbal ability (language at an early age, verbal fluency, and reading comprehension) & compliance Boys : are better in Visual-spatial ability, have higher level of aggression, higher activity level, more developmental vulnerable (diseases, birth hazards, and intellectual retardation), Higher self esteem Neither: same in sociability and analytic ability There are many significant differences in performance and behavior of boys and girls. Many of them confirm our social stereotype. To a surprising extent we find across cultural consistency. Despite the significant differences, overall range of performance very similar in boys and girls if we focused on the overall distribution of these instead of focusing on characteristics and abilities. T EXT Chapter 6 1. What is meant by a sense of “personal agency”? When does it develop? How is it relevant to the development of self? Personal agency : the recognition that one can be the cause of an event or events. Evidence that 2-month-olds may have a sense of this. Relevant because understanding that you can be the cause of an event means you are able to affect the environment. 2. What are the different forms of “self” that emerge throughout infancy, childhood, and adolescence? Is self-recognition looking glass self, self-concept included? Present self: 2 & 3 yr olds recognize current representations of self but are largely unaware that past self-representations or self-relevant events have implications for the future. Extended self : more mature self-representation emerging between 3.5-5 years where child can integrate past, present, unknown future self-representations into a notion of self that endures over time. Categorical self: a person’s classification of the self along socially significant dimensions such as age and sex. ex: “Jenny good girl” Public self (me): aspects of self that others can see or infer Private self (I) : inner, or subjective aspects of self that are known only to the individual and are not available for public scrutiny 5
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3. How does a belief-desire theory of mind emerge in early childhood? What are some of the important influences on its development?
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  • Spring '08
  • LEHMAN
  • gender identity gender, Social Understanding and Self Awareness, Constructivist psychology Psychology of individual differences Psychology

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