Neo classicism movement that sought to go back to

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neo-classicism: movement that sought to go back to aesthetics of Classical Era serialism: nearly controlled aesthetic, very calculated, reason towards everything, heard better when written revitalized rhythm, creating a sense of furious and powerful movement his orchestrations produce a polished, bright sound and clear texture Aaron Copland (1900-1990) American composer Paris, Nadia Boulanger Jazz idioms Neo-classicism and 12 tone composition Piano pieces, orchestral works, bullets, film scores [Terms / concepts:] Syllabic / melismatic - style of singing, what they are and identify them - Syllabic- one note sung to each syllable of text - Melismatic- many notes set to a single syllable Monophonic / homophonic / polyphonic - Monophonic- single voice; melody is heard without any harmonic accompaniment or other melodic lines – “it’s you singing in the shower” - Homophonic- a single voice takes over the melodic interest, while the accompanying lines (blocks of harmony, chords that support, color that enhance principal line) are subordinate—when a singer and violinist carry the tune against a harmonic accompaniment on the piano. BASED ON HARMONY- harmony moving in synchronization with a melody - Polyphonic- “many-voiced”; texture in which two or more different melodic lines are combines, this distributing melodic interest among all the parts; based on counterpoint (one musical line set against another) Word-painting - Actively reflects text - Compositional technique composers used to highlight specific words “sighing, weeping, up/down” Music depicts the meaning of the word Ritornello
- Alternation between featured soloist and orchestra, precursor to concerto, not as complex as concerto Program music / absolute music - Absolute music- music that has no literary, dramatic or pictorial program, also called pure music. Instrumental music like Moldau River - Program music: instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations, especially popular in the 19 th century, depicts a specific scene; it didn’t take off till the Romantic era Rubato “robbed time” - Important concept in Romantic era, composers taking amount of time and rationing the music - Chopin taught his students that the left hand should remain steady while the right-hand melody might hesitate a little here and hurry forward there Binary / ternary: - Small forms, know what they look like in both simple and complicated form, A-B-A-C-B-A can reduce to ternary form A-B-A - Binary- two part (A-B) form with each section and normally repeated, deals with repetition and contrast - Ternary 3 part (A-B-A) form based on a statement (A) contrast (B) repetition (A) 3- part form Rondo - musical form in which the first section recurs - Symmetrical sections create a balanced architecture that is satisfying aesthetically and easy to hear - Extension of 3-part form, more ambitious in scope, taking longer, arched form ( A-B-A-C-A-B-A) Strophic / through-composed - Two ways that composers can set text to art songs, same music different text/different music different text -

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