Is it permissable to torture final.edited.docx

Research has proven that my premise 2 is true

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Research has proven that my premise 2 is true. "Interrogators are trained to observe a suspect's verbal and nonverbal behaviors as a means of determining whether the suspect is being truthful or deceptive" (Costanzo & Leo, 2007). "The most widely used criminal interrogation method claims that, by observing these behavioral cues, interrogators can identify lies with an accuracy rate of 80%–90%" (Inbau, Reid, Buckley, & Jayne, 2001). However, research has proven that "the average person can differentiate lies from truths at a rate only slightly better than chance—around 54% where chance accuracy is 50%” (DePaulo et al., 2003). Therefore there is a 50% chance that interrogators could be torturing an innocent person but now faced with persistent denial in obtaining the information they believe the abused person has. Under these circumstances, interrogators/torturers could be frustrated and desperate in extracting information that they could further punish a 50% possibility innocent person. Scientific studies have shown my premise 3 to be true. "Research has shown that torture can have enduring negative effects on both survivors and perpetrators" (Costanzo and Gerrity, 2009). Torture survivors have been reported to be diagnosed with various psychological effects. "The psychological problems most commonly reported by torture survivors in research studies include: (a) psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, irritability or aggressiveness,
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Is it ever permissible to torture a person? emotional lability, self-isolation or social withdrawal); (b) cognitive symptoms (confusion or disorientation, impaired memory and concentration); and (c) neurovegetative symptoms (insomnia, nightmares, sexual dysfunction)” (Basoglu et al., 2001) Studies have shown that survivors of torture have difficulty building relationships and trusting others. Some have withdrawn into themselves to the point of committing suicide for them to get some peace of mind. Some survivors have lost the use of certain body parts due to physical torture. The fourth premise makes a strong claim. "There has been a broad and confident consensus that torture is uniquely "barbaric" and "inhuman": the most profound violation possible of the dignity of a human being" (Sussman, D, 2005). It involves violence against a person that could be innocent, but defenseless. There are times where we humans operate on fear and throw our principles out the window. Our great nation did exactly this when 9/11 came about. Our government made decisions based on fear and the desire to protect the American people and in the same breath let go of our morals and principles that built this great nation. Many would go as far as stating that our government lowered itself to the terrorist level when they started inciting torture on others for information. Senator John McCain stated in his address on the Senate floor "To those who think that we should be cruel to our enemies because our enemies are cruel to us, "Our values are different from those of our enemies…we do not abuse human rights…and to
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  • Winter '09
  • Johnson
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Senator John McCain, M. Costanzo, torture survivors

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