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Unformatted text preview: Believed that inward conditions could be expressed in outward appearances and thus moral matters were instinctively related to the arts Used many proportional relationships The outward beauty of Greek buildings came from the dimensions and relationships of its parts Believed in a set social structure that had a balance of spets and average citizens within the city state or polis, each of which was independent of one another The Aegean Culture Around 2000 BCE, the people of the area would make and export products from fortified settlements along the coast Artifacts from the area suggest trading with people of Egypt and Mesopotamia Many Aegean gods resembled animals The 2 main civilizations of the time were the Minoans of Crete, and the Mycenaeans of the Greek mainland Both groups had similar cultures The Minoans Knossos was the largest and most well known Minoan excavation cite and was the legendary home of the Labyrinth of King Minos and its minotaur The city began around 1900 BCE The city was destroyed by earthquakes and rebuilt in 1700 and 1450 BCE It was permanently destroyed by fire in 1380 BCE Frescoes: a painting on a wall made by adding pigments into wet plaster Ashlar: smooth stone masonry laid so the joints are visible Bases: the lowest part of a column or tier that is widened to spread the load to the foundation Torus: convex, roughly semi circular base of a column Abacus: on a column, the stone set just above the capital Greeks 21:45 The palace complex of Knossos was not fortified and sat on a hill overlooking the harbor and surrounded a central courtyard Megaron: a simple rectangular space having solid long walls without openings, a door in the center of the narrow end, and an anteroom Naturalistic depictions of men and women in the frescos suggest the Minoans took delight in nature and their own beauty Their carvings seem relaxed and open, emphasizing movement Women held positions of high status in society The Mycenaeans Mycenaean settlements date back to approximately 1600 BCE Mycenae was their major city and reached its period of greatness around 1450 BCE The citadel at Mycenae was built with a strong concern for defense, encompassed by walls 24 feet thick and 40 feet high with no mortar The main entrance to the city was through Lion Gate, which was added when the citadel was enlarged and consists of stones supporting a 14 ton lintel and a cobbled arch Cobbled construction used in the city is the same technique used by prehistoric megalith builders in northern Europe and by Egyptian masons Both the citadel at Tiryns and Mycenae had several postern gates which people could leave through unobtrusively...
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- Fall '12
- Hypostyle, wall building, Marsh Arabs