Moral matters were instinctively related to the arts

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moral matters were instinctively related to the arts Used many proportional relationships The outward beauty of Greek buildings came from the dimensions and relationships of  its parts Believed in a set social structure that had a balance of specialists and average citizens  within the city state or  polis, each of which was independent of one another The Aegean Culture Around 2000 BCE, the people of the area would make and export products from fortified  settlements along the coast Artifacts from the area suggest trading with people of Egypt and Mesopotamia Many Aegean gods resembled animals The 2 main civilizations of the time were the Minoans of Crete, and the Mycenaeans of  the Greek mainland Both groups had similar cultures The Minoans Knossos was the largest and most well known Minoan excavation cite and was the  legendary home of the Labyrinth of King Minos and its minotaur The city began around 1900 BCE The city was destroyed by earthquakes and rebuilt in 1700 and 1450 BCE It was permanently destroyed by fire in 1380 BCE Frescoes: a painting on a wall made by adding pigments into wet plaster Ashlar: smooth stone masonry laid so the joints are visible Bases: the lowest part of a column or tier that is widened to spread the load to the  foundation Torus: convex, roughly semi circular base of a column Abacus: on a column, the stone set just above the capital
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Greeks 21:45 The palace complex of Knossos was not fortified and sat on a hill overlooking the harbor  and surrounded a central courtyard Megaron: a simple rectangular space having solid long walls without openings, a door in  the center of the narrow end, and an anteroom Naturalistic depictions of men and women in the frescos suggest the Minoans took  delight in nature and their own beauty Their carvings seem relaxed and open, emphasizing movement Women held positions of high status in society The Mycenaeans Mycenaean settlements date back to approximately 1600 BCE Mycenae was their major city and reached its period of greatness around 1450 BCE The citadel at Mycenae was built with a strong concern for defense, encompassed by  walls 24 feet thick and 40 feet high with no mortar The main entrance to the city was through Lion Gate, which was added when the citadel  was enlarged and consists of stones supporting a 14 ton lintel and a cobbled arch Cobbled construction used in the city is the same technique used by prehistoric  megalith builders in northern Europe and by Egyptian masons Both the citadel at Tiryns and Mycenae had several postern gates which people could  leave through unobtrusively
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