Local management Running Head MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 8 Both locally and

Local management running head maternal and child

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Local management
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Running Head: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 8 Both locally and globally, partnering with local doctors has enabled understand the local and global situation of maternal health even better. Western health practitioners depend on local doctors skills to understand the condition better and treat the situation. This is a sustainability plan which ensures effective global health programs (Trumbo, S. T, 2013) . Evidence-based intervention Iron and Folic acid supplements The intake of supplements reduces the chances of anemia after delivery by 28% and reduced incidences of low birth weight by 20% globally. Today, many African countries have adopted the strategy for a healthier population and infants (Walker and Horton, 2013). Calcium supplements Globally, gestational hypersensitive disorder is ranked second as the cause of maternal death, underweight infants and premature birth. In sub-Saharan Africa women are at greater prevalence of low calcium. The supplements can reduce maternal death by 36% (Walker and Horton, 2013). Exclusive breastfeeding Breastfeeding is initiated within 1 hour of birth. This should be done for consecutive six months and should be stopped unless after 2 years of age. The first breast milk reduces the chances of an infant contracting illnesses and mortality at the rate of 46% (Walker and Horton, 2013) . Vitamin A supplements in infants
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Running Head: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 9 Cases of diarrhea and measles are reduced, while lowering mortality rate by25%.The intervention is effective for children aged 5-62 months. Again, it provides the essential vitamin for normal growth and development of the child (Gülmezoglu et al, 2015) . REFERENCES Chou and Daniels (2016). Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. The Lancet Global Health , 2 (6), e323-e333. Gülmezoglu et al (2015). Moving beyond essential interventions for reduction of maternal mortality (the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health): a cross-sectional study. The Lancet , 381 (9879), 1747-1755. World Health Organization. (2016). Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence . World Health Organization. Campbell et al (2014). Impact of user fees on maternal health service utilization and related health outcomes: a systematic review. Health policy and planning , 29 (2), 137-150.
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Running Head: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 10 Alger et al (2015). The evolution of altruistic preferences: mothers versus fathers. Review of Economics of the Household , 11 (3), 421-446. Trumbo, S. T. (2013). Maternal care, iteroparity and the evolution of social behavior: a critique of the semelparity hypothesis. Evolutionary Biology , 40 (4), 613-626. Walker and Horton (2013). Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?. The lancet , 382 (9890), 452-477. Asher and Patel (2014). Theory of Change: a theory-driven approach to enhance the Medical Research Council's framework for complex interventions. Trials , 15 (1), 267. Fleisher et al (2013). Impact of conditional cash transfers on maternal and newborn health. Journal of health, population, and nutrition , 31 (4 Suppl 2), S48.
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  • Spring '18
  • MONICA LAJEUNE
  • Obstetrics, World Health Organization, maternal death

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