O example the government defines words such as

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o Example: the government defines words such as terrorism in ways that suit its political and military purposes, or defines torture (when referring to its own practices) narrowly, so as to avoid the perception that they are breaking the law. o Other names for hegemonic definitions are, rational reconstruction, and real definition. 1 Persuasive definitions: o Persuasive definitions: when hotly disputed matters are at stake, people often make use of definitions that tend to favour their side of a given argument. 1 Negative definitions: o The negative words associated with propaganda are such things: Lack of concern for truth. Failure to respect the autonomy of others that you communicate with. Promotion of self- serving ends. Seeking control over others. o Example: “Propaganda is concerned with the management of opinions and attitudes by the direct manipulation of social suggestion, rather than by altering other conditions in the environment of the organism." It has a negative connotation because the words “manipulation” and “suggestion” give the impression that the propagandee is dumb. 1 Neutral definitions: o These definitions are neutral in the sense of not prejudging the moral standing of propaganda. o Example: “Propaganda is the dissemination of ideas, information or rumour for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or person. While this definition may seem negative, if you relate it to a hospital providing information in order to solicit donations or increased government revenues, there is nothing negative about that. 1 Favourable definitions: o Example: “Propaganda refers to communications to affect deep rooted beliefs and attitudes, such as those encouraging support for one’s country and democracy." A Proposed Definition
Propaganda: The organized attempt through communication to affect belief or action or instill attitudes in a large audience in ways that you work around or suppress an individual’s adequately informed, rational, reflective judgement. Sometimes, propaganda consists of lies, where anything that the propagandist can get away with will be used to help their objective. Another side is that propaganda tends to involve psychological influences, whether it be consciously or subconsciously. Examples: The repetition of emotionally charged words, slogans, coins, monuments, and other imagery influences. Everyone is influenced by these factors, and propagandists harness them in a deliberate campaign to affect our beliefs and attitudes.

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