Forbade slavery in settled territories shining legacy

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Forbade slavery in settled territories.Shining legacy of A of C period°°Foreign Relations Woes Britain refused to send foreign minister to America’s “backwoods” capitalBritain would not make a commercial treaty with America or repeal its ancient Navigation LawsBritain shut off their West Indies trade from U.S.Britain tried to annex Vermont and continued to hold a chain of trading posts on Canadian borderSpain controlled the mouth of all-important Mississippi, and closed the river to American commerce in 1784.Spain claimed area near Florida also claimed by USFrance demanded repayments of loans and restricted tradePirates of North African states ravaged American sailors on Mediterranean, who now no longer had British protection°°Anarchy on the horizon Economic storm clouds by mid-1780s as some states refusedoStates refusing to pay taxes 7
States were refusing to pay any money toward Congress, with manybitterly complaining about “King’s Congress”Interest on the public debt piling up, nation’s credit evaporating abroadQuarrels over state boundariesStates were levying tariffs against one another for goodsStates were grinding out worthless paper moneyoEach state has their own currency Shays’s Rebellion: western MA, 1786°°Shay’s Rebellion Mobocracy!Daniel Shays (war veteran found himself in debt of war) raised an army of impoverished backcountry farmers, many of them Revolutionary War veteransMarched with arms to shut down debtor courts that foreclosed their farms – attempt to shut down government of Massachusetts oMatch towards capital They wanted cheaper money, lighter taxes, and a suspension of property takeoversMA militia stopped them, but event struck fear in the hearts of propertied class who feared mobocracy.oMa militia is only person who can put down rebellionoCountry government did not have power to draft and armyoStronger central government neededoPut fear in hearts of people who is property owning law abiding manoShows failings of articles of confederation oExample of class warfare°°Madison says – factions will be the savior of democracy Abuse of people comes from abuse of the power by the majority°- those who appose constitution – known as anti- federalistsbiggest worry is that the government will be too big and too powerful°- anti federalists states will ratify constitution if a bill of rights is added 8
wanted to preserve their right civil liberties guaranteed °°Chapter 10 °The making of the ConsititutionControl of commerce biggest issue that led to Constitutional ConventionEvery state chose representatives, except RI (“Rogues Island”)Fifty-five reps in all, deemed “demigods” by JeffersonWashington, “Sword of the Revolution,” was unanimously elected chairman: “We have probably had too good an opinion of human nature in forming our Confederation.”o

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