Ska--Ska combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues . It is characterized by a walking bass line accented with rhythms on the upbeat . The "rude boys" were a Jamaican subculture of the 1960s. Rude Boys were generally unemployed, impoverished Jamaican teens who were hired by sound system operators (mobile DJs) to crash each other's street dances. These interactions often led to further violence and the Rude Boys frequently formed feuding gangs. Fashionable clothing for rude boys was American gangster wear. The Rude Boy culture became a huge source for ska lyrics. LATE 1960s (1968) ROCKSTEADY, Slower, more about love, same skank (emphasis on the upbeat) TWO STREAMS OF MUSIC FLOURISH IN THE EARLY 1970s DUB and ROOTS REGGAE ROOTS REGGAE By the Early 1970s independence isn’t as awesome as they thought it would be because people are poor and sick and miserable and so Rasta-influenced socially conscious reggae became popular (which is the reggae that we know of today cuz of mista Bob Marley and Jimmy Cliff) Now rastafari (I try not to say Rastafarianism because they hate it) had been around since the beginning of the 20 th century but everyone hated it. Why? -Too African -Not Christian Rasta Ideals: The Rastafari movement encompasses themes such as the spiritual use of cannabis   and the rejection of western society, called Babylon (from the metaphorical Babylon of the Christian New Testament .) It proclaims Africa (also " Zion ") as the original birthplace of mankind, and embraces various Afrocentric social and political aspirations,such as the sociopolitical views and teachings of Jamaican publicist, organizer, and black nationalist Marcus Garvey (also often regarded as a prophet). o 1927 Marcus Garvey gives a speech that said “look to Africa where a black king will be crowned”
o 1930 Ras Tafari Makonnen with GREAT pomp and circumstance was crowned emperor of Ethiopia. Haile Selassie I
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 3 pages?