Performing – Members enact and direct effort toward goal attainment and performance Characteristics of Groups and Teams Through the four stages of development, there are four important characteristics Role Structures Each individual has a part or role to play in order to help the group reach its goal The set of defined roles and interrelationships among those roles that the group members define and accept. Expected role – Sent role – Perceived role – Enacted role - *back to expected role* Role ambiguity: arises when the sent role is unclear and the individual does not know what is expected of him or her. Role Conflict: occurs when the messages and cues composing the sent role are clear but contradictory or mutually exclusive Role Overload: occurs when expectations for the role exceed the person’s ability to perform Behavioral Norms Norms: are standards of behavior that the group accepts for and expects of its members
Norm Generalization: The norms of one group can’t always be the generalized to another group.
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- Winter '13
- Sociology, Group development