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They are making a claim they should have to prove but

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they are making a claim they should have to prove, but they act like the burden of proof falls on the other person. She : Souls exist. He : Can you prove it? She : Can you prove that they don’t? Knowing where the burden of proof lies: Affirmative claims: Souls exist. Outlandish claims: I can fly. Special circumstances (high investment, big risk, etc.) STRAWMAN We commit the STRAWMAN fallacy when, instead of attacking (or defending) the claim we are supposed to address, we attack or defend a different claim altogether. She : The publishers’ profit margins on textbooks are outrageous. He : If publishers don’t charge any profit, they won’t stay afloat. FALSE DILEMMA We commit the fallacy of FALSE DILEMMA when we wrongly see a situation as having only two alternatives, when it has more. You either need to declare a major or drop out of school. PERFECTIONISTIC FALLACY We commit the PERFECTIONISTIC fallacy when we reject a reasonable proposal simply because it isn’t perfect. Nurse practitioners shouldn’t be allowed to give prescriptions at all because there will be some cases in which they can’t because a doctor is needed.
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LINE DRAWING FALLACY We commit the fallacy of LINE DRAWING when we wrongly insist, in a
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