Biological factors leading to suicidal behaviors and attempts at suicide are of

Biological factors leading to suicidal behaviors and

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Kleinman, & Bonney, 2002). Biological factors leading to suicidal behaviors and attempts at suicide are of great interest in the field of psychology today. The past two decades have produced a great deal of information suggestive of abnormal serotonin activity being linked to suicidal behaviors. “Although more research is needed to clarify the differential roles of various receptor sites and their relation to suicide, reduced serotonin levels are related to repeated suicide attempts, impulse control, and aggression in depressed and nondepressed samples” Existing mental disorders such as depression, substance abuse and dependence, psychosis, and borderline personality disorder as well as previous suicide attempts and ideation are predictive. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior ( Joiner, 2005 ) proposes that an individual will not die by suicide unless s/he has both the desire to die by suicide as well as the ability to do so. What is the desire for suicide, and what are its component parts? What is the ability to die by suicide and in whom and how does it develop?
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Figures title: 4 In answer to the first question of who desires suicide, the theory asserts that when people hold two specific psychological states in their minds simultaneously, and when they do so for long enough, they develop the desire for death. The two psychological states are perceived burdensomeness and a sense of low belongingness or social alienation. In answer to the second question regarding capability for suicide, self-preservation is a powerful enough instinct that few can overcome it by force of will.
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  • Spring '18
  • Suicidal ideation, Final Course Project Suicide

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