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2. __________ is voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant group norms and values.a.Social changeb.Organizational behaviorc.Institutional behaviord.Collective behaviorAnswer: dPage: 540LO: 33.Unlike the __________ behavior that is found in corporations and voluntary associations (such as labor unions), collective behavior lacks an official division of labor, hierarchy of authority, and established rules and procedures.a.informalb.institutionalc.organizationald.change-basedAnswer: cPage: 540LO: 34.Unlike __________ behavior (for example, in education, religion, or politics), collective behavior lacks established norms to govern behavior.a.administrativeb.institutionalc.organizationald.change-basedAnswer: bPage: 540LO: 35.Collective behavior occurs as a result of some common influence or stimulus that produces a response from a/an __________, which is a number of people who act together and may mutually transcend, bypass, or subvert established institutional patterns 562
Chapter 1and structures.a.administrative organizationb.change-based organizationc.social movementd.collectivityAnswer: dPage: 540LO: 36.Three major factors contribute to the likelihood that collective behavior will occur. Which ofthe following factors is notidentified as contributing to collective behavior occurring?a.Structural factors that increase the chances of people responding in a particular way.b.Timing.c.Biological factors that decrease the chances of people responding in a specificmanner.d.A breakdown in social control mechanisms and a corresponding feeling of normlessness.Answer: cPage: 541LO: 37.The first environmental organization in the U.S. wasa.The Sierra Club..b.The American Forestry Association.c.COYOTE.d.Greenpeace.Answer: bPage: 542LO: 108.Which of the following statements concerning the environment is true?a.The first environmental organization was Greenpeace.b.Those who hold strong attitudes regarding the environment are also likely to be involved in an environmental movement.c.The environmental movement started in the 1960s.d.Environmental groups have been involved in sit-ins, protest marches and strikes.Answer: dPage: 543LO: 10 9.Several explanations could be provided in relation to the dynamics of collective behavior. Which of the following explanations is notvalid in relation to the dynamics of collective behavior?563
Chapter 1a.When people can communicate quickly and easily with one another, spontaneous behavior is more likely.b.When people are gathered together in several locations, they are more likely to respond to a common stimulus.c.When people are gathered together in one general location, they are more likely to respond to a common stimulus.d.People’s attitudes are not always reflected in their political and social behavior.Answer: bPage: 543LO: 3