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Composing network policies with pyretic pyretic

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Composing Network Policies with Pyretic Pyretic enables the notion of both sequential and parallel composition as we've discussed in previous lessons. For example, we could match all packets for a particular destination IP address and send them or forward them out a particular output port. The double greater than sign shown here is the way of expressing sequential composition in Pyretic. Parallel composition allows two policies to be applied in parallel. In this example, we match on a particular destination IP address and subsequently forward the traffic out Output Port one. In Parallel, we apply a different set of policies that match on a different source IP address and output the packets on a different output port. In Pyretic, the plus operator performs parallel composition of policies. Pyretic allows an operator to construct queries which allow the program to see packet streams. For example, the packets query allows the operator to see packets arriving at a particular switch with a particular source MAC address. The one parameter here indicates that we only want to see
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the first packet that arrives with a unique source MAC address and switch. We can then register callbacks for these packet streams that are invoked to handle each new packet that arrives for that query. Dynamic Policies in Pyretic Dynamic policies are policies whose forwarding behavior can change. They are represented as a time series of static policies. The current value of the policy at any time is self dot policy. A common programming idiom in Pyretic is to set a default policy and then register a call back that updates that policy. In the assignment, you will create a similar topology that you created in the pox assignment, but we will now use pyretic to implement a simple switch and firewall. In pyretic every first packet with a new source MAC address at the switch is read by a query. The policy is updated with a new predicate every time a new mapping between a MAC address and an output port is learnt. In the assignment, you also create a dynamic firewall policy, register a callback to check the rules, and sequentially compose your firewall policy with a learning switch, thus provided as part of the pyritic distribution.
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In summary, pyretic allows operators to write complex network policies as functions. It allows an operator to express predicates on packets including things such as AND, OR, and NOT. It provides the capability to specify and modify virtual packet headers as packet metadata, and it provides ways to compose complex network policies from simpler independent ones. Pyretic Policy Quiz As a quiz, which of the following is the appropriate pyretic rule for sending traffic from source IP address 10.0.0.1 to destination at IP address 10.1.2.3, and traffic from source IP address 10.0.0.2 to destination IP address 10.2.3.4 Pyretic Policy Quiz The following policy matches the appropriate source IP addresses and forwards to the corresponding output destination IP address. Each of these matching and forwarding operations can happen in parallel.
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  • Fall '08
  • Staff
  • IP address, Transmission Control Protocol

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