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Supports technological changes 4
D.Despite the industrialization of some segmentsof the Southerneconomy — a change promoted by Southern leaders who called for a “New South”— agriculture based on sharecropping and tenant farming continued to be the primary economic activity in the South. Examples: “New South”, Henry Grady, textile mills in the South, James Duke ExampleDefinition/DescriptionSignificance to the ThesisPullman Strike A nationwide railroad strike in the United States on May 11, 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman Company, the main railroads, and the federal government of the United States under President Grover Cleveland.Historically significant for having failed as a workers' labor movement against wage cuts. In the longer term, it also destroyed the American Railway Union and helped to defeat President Grover Cleveland's reelection nomination.Homestead Strike A bitterly fought labor dispute. On June 29, 1892, workers belonging to the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers struck the Carnegie Steel Company at Homestead, Pa. to protest a proposed wage cut.One of the most serious disputes in U.S. labor history, third behind the Ludlow Massacre and the Battle of Blair Mountain.ExampleDefinition/DescriptionSignificance to the ThesisJames Duke A U.S. tobacco and electric power industrialist best known for the introduction of modern cigarette manufacture and marketing,involvement with Duke UniversityProduced cigarettes and absorbed competitors into his company. Patron of Duke University.5
III.New systems of production and transportation enabled consolidation within agriculture, which, along with periods of instability, spurred a variety of responses from farmers. A.Improvements in mechanization helped agricultural production increase substantially and contributed to declines in food prices. Examples:Reapers, combines, bonanza farming, dry farming, barbed wire B.Many farmers responded to the increasing consolidation in agricultural markets and their dependence on the evolving railroad system by creating local and regional cooperative organizationsExamples:Grange (1867), Granger laws, Wabash v. Illinois (1886), Southern Farmers’ Alliance (1875), National Farmers’ Alliance (1877), Colored Farmers’ Alliance (1886) “New South” A slogan in the history of the American South, after 1877. Reformers use it to call for a modernization of society and attitudes, to integrate more fully with the United States, and reject the economy and traditions of the Old South and the slavery-based plantation system of the antebellum periodIdentified southern promoters' belief in the technologically advanced industrial SouthExampleDefinition/DescriptionSignificance to the ThesisReapers A person or machine that harvests a crop.Replaced scythes as the preferred method of cutting crops for harvest, and it was much more efficient and much quicker. The invention helped the agricultural growth of America.