Working women women found economic opportunity with

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Working Women Women found economic opportunity with the advents of the inventions that came about during the Gilded Age. Typewriters and the telephone switchboard allowed women to become
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typists and line operators, giving them much needed financial independence and freedom, though not fully. Scab A ‘Scab’ was a name for a strikebreaker. A strikebreaker was a person who worked at a place in which a strike was going against, thus making the strike ineffectual. Lockout A lockout was a tactic of businesses to get labor unionists to get them to do what they wanted. Essentially, a lockout prevented employees from working until certain terms were met. Blacklist Blacklists were used by businesses to prevent ‘undesirables’ from being hired again. These blacklists were used to suppress labor unionists and those suspected of conducting or having unacceptable opinions or behavior. Yellow-dog contract A yellow-dog contract is a contract between an employer and an employee in which the employee does not remain in or join a labor union. These contracts were an effort by industries such as the railroad industry to crack down on pesky labor unions, and were most widely used in the 1920s. Injunction Injunctions were official court orders for a particular belligerent party to cease their activities. Injunctions were requested from besieged industrial companies and granted by sympathetic courts to end strikes and boycotts. Closed Shop ‘Closed Shop’ was a labor union tactic in which any employee of a given business or industry must be part of a union. The closed shop policy made it so that one had to be part of the controlling union to gain and maintain their job, thus allowing the union to have greater influence over the employer. Knights of Labor The Knights of Labor were a labor union taking upon the mantle of the National Labor Union after it collapsed. The Knights of Labor were led by Terrence V. Powderly, and pushed for economic and social reform, which included safety and health regulations for workers. However, their violent involvement in the Haymarket Square event lost them their public backing, and the differences between its unskilled and skilled members rotted the labor union from the inside out. Terrence Powderly Terrence V. Powderly was the leader of the Knights of Labor, and a powerful advocate of the 8 hour work day. Additionally, Powderly was a politician and attorney, and was elected Mayor of Scranton, Pennsylvania for 3 terms.
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American Federation of Labor
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