army passed the Potomac into Frederick< Maryland. Lee Planned to divide his army into three unite. A Union soldier found a copy of Lee’s marching orders in an abandoned Rebel camp. McClellan acts slowly when he could use this secret information to get an advantage. Two days later, on September 17, the two armies mat near Sharpsburg, Maryland at the Battle of Antietam, which become the single deadliestone day in all of U.S. history.End of War, on April 2, the government of the CSA fled, burning the city of Richmond behind them so that it wouldn’t be any use to the Union army, Lee reluctantly decided he had no choice but to surrender.
6 of 6The course text states, “The Reconstruction era would be divisive, leaving a mixed legacy of human gains and losses” (458). To demonstrate this, indicate three different groups whose interests played roles in the development of the Reconstruction period after the Civil War. Clearly identify each group and explain how the process of Reconstruction accounted for the interests of each group. Then, indicate three distinct issues that caused division during Reconstruction. Clearly identify each issue and explain specifically how it caused division. Finally, show gains and losses from Reconstruction by indicating two distinct beneficial consequences of the process of Reconstruction and two distinct harmful consequences of the process of Reconstruction. Be clear in identifying each consequence and explaining why it was beneficial or harmful.Reconstruction was the name of the era after the civil war ended, lasting from 1865 to 1877. The government and people struggled to find a balance between uniting the country and assisting former slaves. Lincoln and Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau, an agency whose goal was to help the newly freed men by providing education, food, housing, and medical aid. The bureau was understaffed and lacked funding but managed to set up school and universities for former slaves. Lincoln’s vice president, former Democrat Andrew Johnson, was sworn into office, although Johnson followed Lincoln’sagenda for reconstruction per his presidential duties, he did not believe in belief in racial equality and hisinterpretation of Reconstruction was lenient toward the South. Every southern state except Texas created a new government, and Johnson approved them. Their legislature passed new laws. Many of therules were Black Codes, Discriminatory laws that denied the civil rights of black in the south and prevented the Freedmen’s Bureau from doing its work. The Radical Republicans -some member of Congress- decided that the federal government should intervene. Congress gave the Freedmen’s Bureau more powers and passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which confirmed that black were citizens and overturned the Dred Scott decision of 1857.The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution passed in June 1868. It ensures that any person born or naturalized in the US was a citizen with full rights.