82 frightening individuals as a way of treatment has

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82.) Frightening individuals as a way of treatment has been used in many instances. the area of the brain called the amygdala , part of the limbic system, is hyperactive when patients are shown threatening faces or confronted with frightening situations. It has been shown that patients with more severe social phobia showed a correlation with the increased response in the amygdale. exposure therapy, gradually exposes patients to what frightens them and helps them cope with their fears. Behavioral therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy teach patients to react differently to the situations and bodily sensations that trigger panic attacks and other anxiety symptoms. Patients also learn to understand how their thinking patterns contribute to their symptoms and how to change their thoughts accordingly. This awareness of thinking patterns is combined with exposure and other behavioral techniques to help people confront their feared situations. Ethical issues arises to is this an acceptable to scare a client and potentially cause them more harm now to just cure the disorder. Should the client have the right to know this kind of method will be used? 83.) The diathesis-stress model combines biological and genetic factors with levels of stress. Diathesis refers to a predisposition (innate) and the stress is environmental (nurture). This model suggests that mental disorders are the result of an interaction between nature and nurture. Tienari’s Finnish study revealed that none of the adopted children raised in ‘healthy’ families developed schizophrenia, but 11% in severely disturbed families went on to do so. The bio- psycho-social approach is a more eclectic approach to studying and understanding schizophrenia. An implication of the diathesis-stress model is that the greater the vulnerability an individual has, the less stress is required for that individual to become ill. It is necessary to consider both the presence of a diathesis and a person s level of stress in order to determine the degree of risk for the onset or reoccurrence of an illness. For example, one study of depression showed that among
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