single most important one: Social facts : “Ways of thinking, feeling, and acting,External to the individual, and endowed with the power of coercion, by which they control him [sic].” *thinking,feeling, and acting come from an external force He’s emphasizing that we are all born into an established set of structures and an existing system of norms, beliefs, and values. As we learn to perform roles, follow norms, and accept values, we get a sense of something larger than us, something that is outside of us (external) ** This would make Durkheim sociology’s first socialization theorist (though most sociologists don’t acknowledge that fact): first to talk about how we have to learn ways of thinking,acting,feeling. 3) Le Suicide (1897) ----> (His most famous book):Durkheim chose this behavior because everyone would argue it’s an internal behavior. He picks it apart and shows that it’s external behavior. The same norms that make people conform can be the same norms that make people deviate. --represents the first truly empirical piece of sociological research --is also sociology’s first treatise on deviant behavior (social pathology in Rousseau’s terms) --and, it’s important to us here for the rich theoretical argument Durkheim makes about the relationship between people and the larger society, and the relationship between conformity and deviance. In a radical move, Durkheim argued that conformity and deviance are cause by the same social processes. He begins by asking: What must happen if people are going to conform to society’s expectations? He gives two answers: 1) attachment : people voluntarily wed themselves to (join) social groups. --just stop for a moment and think about all the social groups you’ve been part of in the past, and the ones you’re part of now. --didn’t you agree to accept the goals of those groups? And the norms, values, and beliefs of those groups?? So, once again, we see Durkheim emphasizing socialization as one of the things that produces conformity.
2) regulation : unfortunately, all of the people don’t voluntarily follow all of the norms/ rules/regulations all of the time. So Durkheim argued that society must have mechanisms to regulate people’s behaviors. --thus, the importance of agents of social control (examples??) He then goes on to explain how these same two processes, attachment and regulation, not only produce conformity, but can also produce deviance—in this case, suicide. --for Durkheim, it was a matter of degree, or amount: --if attachment was too low (if people didn’t have enough attachments in their lives, the result might be egoistic suicide - so it must be necessary for people to attach themselves to social groups.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 7 pages?