Strategies to Policing Through the history of law enforcement patrol strategies

Strategies to policing through the history of law

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Strategies to Policing Through the history of law enforcement, patrol strategies were based on two unproven but accepted suggestions. The first one being that police presences prevents crime by preventing probable offenders. The second being the reduced fear from the pubic by police presence. With knowing these two facts, regular preventative police patrol is thought of in both ways to prevent crime and reassure the community. Policing has come about as a matter of evolution, or what is generally called a period of “reform,” in response to a community’s expectation of the service being provided (McElvain, 2012). Methods For some time now, discussed amongst everyone is that police simply cannot control lawbreaking citizens. There are too many moving parts that can cause criminal behavior for the police to have a direct impression. The police patrol methods were created in attempts to ensure that the crime rate decreases, never raise. Having these patrolling methods will hopefully deter criminals from committing crimes. The three patrol methods discussed within this paper are as follows: directed, hot spot, and zero tolerance methods. The directed patrol is a method in which police officers go to certain locations at certain times. This is a tactic used by law enforcement to try and prevent crime before it happens. Simply put, it means to have the police officers in an area that is where more expected crime is visible to deter would-be criminals. An example of this type of method is hypothetically a liquor store on Main Street being robbed several times within the last month between the times of 9:00pm and 10:00pm. Police officers are required to go to the liquor store between the times of
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POLICE PATROLLING AND METHODS 8 8:30pm and 10:30pm when the possibility of crime happens. The presents of the officers will hopefully deter anyone from robbing the liquor store. The next patrolling method is one that is well known. The hot-spot patrol method is the approach in which law enforcement focuses on small areas or places where crime is usually higher. Crime analysis is a key factor in this method. For example, a college city that has a lot of bars located around the area. If more than a few bars are on the same street and have typically the same route that people follow to go home, there is a good chance that the police department may set up a DUI checkpoint. This is usually because either there have been more issues with drunk driving or to deter people from drinking and driving. The last method that is the zero-tolerance method. This is a patrol method that consists of law enforcement stopping and questioning citizens, whether they are pedestrians or drivers, that look or act suspiciously. This is essentially creating a standard within the community that will deter people from committing possible crimes. An example for this method is if an officer is on their patrol route and sees a person swerving in and out of their lane, the officer will then pull them over to see if there are any issues. Whether it be a DUI, DWI, or the individual simply
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