Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

91 policy should be developed to ensure that children

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(91) Policy should be developed to ensure that children engage in school-related labour only to the extent required to build a sense of responsibility and collectivity . Such work should never be done in school time and should be limited in duration. Lead institution: DrE. New policy? Yes. Recurrent cost : minimal. Time line: to be embarked on within one year of adoption of policy . (92) The slow implementation of the Thuba Makote conditional grant for rural school building hampers elimination of excessive school-related labour. The DrE needs to ensure that the grant is used effectively and speedily . Lead institution: DrE. New Policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Cost : nil. Time line : to be embarked on within one year of adoption of policy. (93) Learners should not be permitted to clean teachers and principals’ houses . Lead institution: DrE. New policy? Yes. Cost : nil. Time line : to be introduced within one year of adoption of policy. (94) Flexibility in school hours is needed to accommodate children who need to do reasonable early morning and afternoon tasks, especially where the children have to travel long distances to school. Research commissioned by UNICEF has revealed that some children arrive late at school and are punished, or do not arrive at all, because they need to do work tasks at home. Lead institution : DrE. New policy? Yes. Costs: Nil to minimal. Time line : To be introduced within two years of adoption of policy. (95) Where children have left school to work and are over-age, it may be difficult for them to return to school even if they stop working. Programmes need to be established that provide for the rehabilitation of children involved in child labour through special education centres or classes within the regular school setting . With the implementation of the Education White Paper No 6 the DE envisages to develop programmes for learners facing a range of difficulties, within the framework of the existing curriculum. Lead institution: DE . New policy? Yes. Once off costs : moderate. Recurrent costs : depend on the proposed solution. Time line: to be embarked on within one year of adoption of policy. ILO funding: investigate how this can be done, possibly through piloting. Once-off costs to be covered under ILO funding. (96) The Education department's programmes for providing public schools within reasonable distance from the homes of children should be vigorously promoted. Lead institution: DrE. New Policy? Existing policy. Costs: no new costs. Time line : within six years of adoption of policy. (97) Any policy that results in the closure of schools, for example farm schools, should be seriously reconsidered . Lead institution: DrE . New Policy? As an alternative step (98) should be implemented. Elaboration of existing policy. Costs : depends on proposed solution. Time line : within two years of adoption of policy.
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(98) Adequate and safe transport should be provided for children living further away from schools. This forms part of the newly-published Plan of Action on access to schooling. Special attention should be given to the
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