Disability is one of the strongest predictors of the need for nursing home

Disability is one of the strongest predictors of the

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 10 pages.

Disability is one of the strongest predictors of the need for nursing home admission in older adults. Living Arrangements: Independent living: living alone or with their spouse only. Far more common in developed countries. Living arrangements are linked to: income, health status, culture, and the availability of caregivers . U.S. Veterans: Three cohorts: Those who served in World War II . Those who served in the Korean War . Those who served in Vietnam . Mortality and Morbidity: Chronic Diseases: Six of the seven leading causes of death among older Americans are chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes. Gender component; older women report higher incidence of hypertension and arthritis , whereas men report more heart disease and cancer. Obesity. Sensory impairments and oral health problems. Decline in memory, particularly short-term memory. Causes of Death: The leading cause was diseases of the heart, followed by malignant neoplasms, chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRD), accidents, cerebrovascular diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and influenza and pneumonia. Death rates among older males were higher than among females for heart disease, cancer, CLRD, diabetes, stroke, and unintentional injuries . Death rates for Alzheimer’s disease were lower among males than females . Globally, heart disease is followed by a cause of death by stroke, pulmonary disease, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis, and injury. Chapter Three Theories of Aging: Psychosocial Theories of Aging:
Image of page 2

Subscribe to view the full document.

Focus on changes in behavior, personality, and attitude as we age. Sociological Theories of Aging: Activity Theory: Retirees remain active in their communities. Published by Havighurst and Albrecht . Staying occupied and involved is necessary to having a satisfying late-life. Maddox suggested that leisure time in retirement presents new opportunities for community service that may be more consistent with physical, economic, and resource limitations. Birren and Schroots assert that roles assumed by older adults are highly influenced by societal expectations so that older adults may be limited in what activities they can choose. Central theme is that remaining active in old age is desirable . Older adults viewed the quality of activity is more important than the quantity . Type of activity matters; activities that connect people socially are more likely to improve life satisfaction. Disengagement Theory: Published by Cumming and Henry . Aging is characterized by gradual disengagement from society and relationships . This separation is desired by society and older adults and it serves to maintain social equilibrium.
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes