International Terrorism Paper by Will Kang.docx

His erratic behavior affected the bureaucracy such

Info icon This preview shows pages 4–6. Sign up to view the full content.

behavior was erratic. His erratic behavior affected the bureaucracy, such that it became paralyzed as “government administrators feared to make what might prove to be a wrong decision.” 16 According to Martin, every state wants to legitimize its authority and how that is done differs with the “degrees of restraint”. 17 There are four examples of state domestic authority, such as democracy, authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and crazy states; the one that Uganda constitutes is under the crazy states. Crazy states are comprised of irrational behavior, such that the population will live at the mercy of state. Also crazy states are controlled by warlords or militia because the central authority is either weak or 12 Ian Westall, op.cit . 13 Ted Robert Gurr, op. cit . p. 48 14 Ian Westall, op.cit . 15 Lt Col Richard J. Erickson, Legitimate Use of Military Force Against State-Sponsored International Terrorism , (Alabama: Air University Press, 1989), p. 26. 16 Library of Congress Country Studies, op. cit. 17 Gus Martin, op. cit., p. 73
Image of page 4

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

absent. And crazy states have “capricious, impulsive, and violent regimes in power that act out with impunity”. 18 The root causes of violence By establishing that Uganda’s domestic authority is under ‘crazy state,’ it is important to ask what the root causes of violence are that were perpetrated by Amin? In order to answer that question, it is important first to examine the power base of Amin to see how the root causes developed. When Idi Amin secured his power over Uganda, he was in a situation where he couldn’t depend only on his Kakwa ethnic tribe to help him stay in power. The Kakwa ethnic tribe was a very small minority and Amin needed a strategy to expand his support group. The solution was to create the “Nubi” identity, which was both “inclusive and expansive enough to absorb new groups”. 19 In order for the Kakwa and Nubi group to stay loyal to Amin, he had to evict over 50,000 Asians that had businesses; by that decree Amin was able to provide stolen businesses to his loyal group of supporters. 20 Some people even think that the expulsion of 50,000 Asians, who provided economic strength in an already dwindling Ugandan economy, was irrational. However one of the root causes for the Asian expulsion was that it was a “calculated piece of populism, channeling the stored-up resentment of Ugandans at a time when his position was precarious.” 21 Previously mentioned, Amin purged the pro- Obote Acholi and Langi ethnic troops because of their political opposition to his rule; which constitutes one of the root causes of violence by Amin. The perceived threat of Obote counterattacking was a “near-obsession” for Amin, where he launched an attempt to go across the Tanzanian border. 22 The following are also root causes of violence. The political purge decreased the size of Amin’s army ‘power base’ to only Nubi, Kakwa Muslims, and recruited mercenary from South Sudan. 23 This in turn made his former allies from West Nile his enemies; these people are the Muslim Lugbara, Madi, Alur, and other ethnic groups, thus he 18 Ibid .
Image of page 5
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '13
  • Yoweri Museveni, Milton Obote, President of Uganda, Major General Idi Amin

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern