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3) chief god of egypt was Amon-ra: (fusion of Amon and Ra)c. in one thing:1) Aten Akhenaten everyone elsed. moves the capital of Egypt from Thebes to Ahkhetaton1) Ahkhetaton is today known as Tel-al-ahmarton2) thus known as the Arhmona period/Arhmona revolution3) not just a religious move, but also a political move- Thebes was also the cult center of Ahmon-Ra- What Akhenaten is doing by moving the capital: marking
the end of old traditional religion, and it’s replacement, with the worship of Aten. e. Atenism: Aten is the only god, and he is worshipped by the Pharaoh. 1) Akhenaton, worships Aten, while everyone else worships Pharaoh. 2) he not only changes his own name, but he also changes the name of the rest of his family, and even alters the inscription of his predecessors, to remove the Ahmen component in the past3) plural use of “god” is banned4) Atenism is never much of a successf. Akhenaton: is not normal1) modern doctors have conjectured: Frolic’s syndrome: obesity, and enormous lower jaw, feminine physique, tiny genitalia. Due to inner-family marriage2) even ordinary Egyptians were depicted like their severely deformed Pharaohg. his revolution dies with Akhenaton1) his beliefs were never popular anyway2) after his death, Egyptians abandoned any Atenism, and the tradition is revived. 3) capital is back to Thebes; Ra is back4) members of his family with Aten names changed to Ahmon names again5) back to polytheismE. Tutahkhamn: famous king Tut, one of the best known, and least important pharaoh of Egyptian history1. died young and insignificant at age 192. only reason he is famous: not to have his tomb robbed in antiquityF. 19thDynasty1. Rameses 12. Rameses II: Conqueror and builder; long and glorious reigna. Hitite treaty?b. Rock built temples in Nubiac. great prosperty, but trouble just around the corner1) peoples of the sea, or simple sea peoples, Libians joined forces in repeated invasions of egypt2) occurs first in 1220 under Marentah, and later again under 20th Dynst. Ramses III (1184-1152)3) both are successful in repelling these invasions- the key question regarding the sea peoples has to do w/ their idenitites- who are these people of the sea?based on the lists, given by Marentah, and Ramses III, some greeks, some Italians, some Caecilians, and the Philistines
seems that sea people were a broad coalition; sea people wanted to settle permanently, more than just conquest: we know this because they brought their wives, their children, and their farm animals w/ them, but the sea peoples failed rare times in Egyptian history when they successfully drive off and invader. G. 20thDynasty1. last of the Egyptian Kingdoma. comes to an end with the death of Ramses XI2. Egyptian comes under Libyan ruleImportance of Judaism in development of Western civilizationHebrews/Israelites/Jewsnever a great political power or built an empire, they had strong religious viewsOld Testament (ca. 1200-400 B.C.)Compiled by a bunch of Jewish authorscovers history, law, prophecy, poetry, proverb, and psalm.