Crucial passage page 12 given any such process it is

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CRUCIAL PASSAGE: page 12. “Given any such process, it is conceptually coherent that it could be instantiated in the absence of experience. It follows that no mere account of the physical process will tell us why experience arises. The emergence of experience goes beyond what can be derived from physical theory.” conceptually coherent: if it follows the rule of logic, then it is conceptually coherent Comparison to Modal Argument No r eductive explanation can offer a satisfying explanation of consciousness. What is a reductive explanation of consciousness? It is an explanation that explains consciousness by reducing consciousness to something more fundamental. What does it mean to reduce consciousness to something physical (say, neural activity)? It is to show that consciousness necessarily follows from the presence of this neural activity: whenever you have this neural activity, you have consciousness! Why can't we have a reductive explanation of consciousness? 1. It is conceivable to have neural activity without consciousness. 2. If it is conceivable to have neural activity without consciousness, then consciousness does not necessarily follow neural activity 3. Therefore, consciousness cannot be reductively explained. Three ways of responding to Chalmers 1. Show that consciousness can be reductively explained. Chalmers is right 2. Argue that Chalmers' notion of reductive explanation is too strong. If we accept it, then consciousness isn' the only thing that cannot be reductively explained. Chalmers is wrong 3. Argue that there is a physically acceptable explanation as to why consciousness cannot be reductively explained. There is something wrong with us Chalmers' conclusions 1. Consciousness cannot be reductively explained. 2. Because consciousness cannot be reductively explained, we should look for a non-reductive explanation of consciousness. 3. A non-reductive explanation of consciousness is an explanation of consciousness that takes it as fundamental. If consciousness is a fundamental property, then there must be new fundamental laws . (Laws or basic principles that specify how physical processes give rise to experience). Chalmers call his view “an innocent version of dualism”. It is innocent because it is compatible with the scientific picture of the world.
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It doesn't contradict anything in our natural sciences. October 4, 2012: “Quining Qualia” Qualia (singular: quale): introspectively accessible properties of experience; the way things appear to us Quine: “to deny resolutely the existence or importance of something real or significant” “My goal is subversive. I am out to overthrow an idea that, in one form or another, is 'obvious' to most people – to scientists, philosophers, lay people... Qualia are suppose to be special properties, in some hard-to-define way.
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