Chinese Politics Reading Notes.docx

Far before greece reflect a genius for practicality

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techniques, astronomical observations of novae, seismographs, and acoustics. Far before Greece Reflect a genius for practicality not a penchant for scientific theory and investigation
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Plato thought that ideas-the forms-had a genuine reality and that the world could be understood through logical approaches to their meaning without reference to the world of senses Aristotle thought of attributes as having a reality distinct from their concrete embodiments in objects. The central, basic, sine qua non properties of an object constituted its “essence” which was unchanging by definition sin cehte essence of an object changed it was no longer the object but something else Greek, as in other Indo-European languages, every adjective can be granted noun status by adding the English equivalent of “ness” as a suffix White whiteness Kind kindness Most Greeks regarded matter as particulate and separate-formed into discrete objects- just as humans were seen as separate from one another and constructed as distinct wholes. Important aspect of Greek philosophy-the world is fundamentally static and unchanging Aristotle not totally support Chinese orientation toward life was shaped by the blending of three different philosophies: Taoism, Confucianism, and later BUddhism Emphasized harmony and discouraged abstract speculation Chinese story Old farmer whose only horse ran away Neighbors came to console him Farmer said might be good or bad Horse comes back with a wild horse Neighbors come to congratulate him Farmer said might be good or bad Wild horse throws off his son and son breaks leg Neighbors come to express sadness Farmer said might be good or bad Army comes and spares his son because of leg So on and so forth Expresses Chinese belief of the world is constantly changing and making contradictions To understand and appreciate one state of affairs requires the existence of its opposite; what seems to be true now may be the opposite of what it seems to be Yin alternates with Yang Yin feminine dark and passive Yang masculine light and active If world is in yin state it will soon be in yang state and so on The sign of the Tao which means “The Way” to exist with nature and with one’s fellow humans, consists of two forces in the form of a white and a black swirl Each contain a dot The truest yang is the yang that is in the yin The principle of yin-yang is the expression of the relationship that exists between opposing but interpenetrating forces that may complete one another, make each comprehensible, or create the conditions for altering one into the other Taoism stood for great appreciation of nature, rural life, and simplicity Religion of wonder, magic, and fancy, gave meaning to the universe through its account of the links between nature and human affairs
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Source of much of the philosophy of the healing arts in china Confucius ethical philosopher Concern with proper relations among people
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