CHRISTENDOM AND ISLAM IN THE MIDDLE AGES 5001453 1054 Roman Christian Church

Christendom and islam in the middle ages 5001453 1054

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CHRISTENDOM AND ISLAM IN THE MIDDLE AGES, 500–1453 1054 Roman Christian Church and Eastern Orthodox Church split 1096–1204 Christian Crusades try to recapture Holy Land from Muslims 12 th century Emmenthal, Gruyère, Parmigiano cheeses first produced 1210 England fixes price of bread 1226 Earliest Muslim recipes, from al-Baghdadi 14 th century Two popes results in Châteauneuf-du-Pape 1300–1900 Little Ice Age —global cooling ca. 1300 Marco Polo writes his memoirs about China ca. 1312–1395 Taillevent (Tirel) writes cookbook 1453 MUSLIM TURKS CONQUER CHRISTIAN CONSTANTINOPLE; RENAME IT ISTANBUL
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THIRD COURSE TERMS PAGE IN TEXT 1. Middle Ages 58 2. feudalism 59 3. gluttony 59 4. Vikings 63 5. Medieval Warm Period 64 6. Constantinople 65 7. Ramadan 68 8, alchemy 69 9. mazza / mezze / meze 69 10. al-Baghdadi 70 11. tagine 70 12. tannur 70 13. halal meat 71 14. Crusades 73
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Christendom and Islam in the Middle Ages CHRISTENDOM: WESTERN EUROPE, 500–1000 Gluttony Feudalism The Christian Diet and the Theory of Humors The Breakdown of the Latin Language The Vikings The Medieval Warm Period, 950–1300 The Northern European Agricultural Revolution Crazy Bread BYZANTIUM: THE EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE Byzantine Cuisine How Food Helped Russia Choose Its Religion THE MUSLIM EMPIRE The Arab Agricultural Revolution The Muslim Meal Muslim Desserts The Muslim Diet Muslim Beverages Coffee: Red Berries and Dancing Goats Culture Clash: The Crusades
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CHRISTENDOM: THE LATE MIDDLE AGES IN EUROPE Guilds: the Butcher, the Baker, and the Wafer Maker Advertising Sugar: “White Salt” Cheese Beer and Wine Distilled Alcohol Bees The Medieval Meal Trencher and Nef Gold Food: Endoré
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CHRISTENDOM: THE LATE MIDDLE AGES IN EUROPE White Food: Blancmange Presentation The King’s Court: Table Manners Le Viandier: Cooking with Spices The Little Ice Age: 1300–1900 Plague: The Black Death, 1348–1350 Turkey: The Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire Turkish Cuisine A New Spice Route
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A few important definitions… Culture : values, beliefs, attitudes, and practices accepted by a community of individuals. Enculturation: the process of passing one’s culture from generation to generation. Ethnicity : cultural membership Acculturation : when people from one cultural group move to an area with different cultural norms and adaptation to the new ‘majority’ begins. Assimilation : when people from one cultural group shed their ethnic identity and fully merge into the majority culture.
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The study of cultural foods… Etic : viewpoint of an outsider to the culture Emic : viewpoint of an insider to the culture Cultural relativity : understanding a culture within the context of that culture avoiding one’s own biases.
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