To further test these hypotheses the focus of this research is threefold 1 Map

To further test these hypotheses the focus of this

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To further test these hypotheses, the focus of this research is threefold: 1. Map economic drivers of youth migration in urban hubs of Somaliland and Puntland; 2. Map youth livelihood opportunities for today’s and tomorrow’s markets; 3. Present practical interventions to support youth and local markets – unlocking solutions for youth unemployment in Somaliland and Puntland. Last but not least, an underlying assumption to this research is that youth should in no way just be considered as passive recipients of assistance. Rather, they are a triggering factor: making up the vast majority of the population of Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland, if adequately enabled and mobilized, youth can be a powerful actor. This research therefore builds on the potential of youth – and how this potential can be capitalized on, built and supported for tailored programming in Somaliland and Puntland. 9 Key Informant Interviews conducted in Nairobi, Hargeysa, Garowe, Burao, and Bossasso between October 2014 and February 2015.
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12 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration B. R ESEARCH F RAMEWORK Preliminary discussions conducted with representatives of the ILO, UNHCR and IOM in Somalia 10 helped the research team set the research question and analytical framework of the research. Initial assumption: A common assumption shared by the three organisations was that of structural disconnections in the youth-employment-migration nexus, as shown in the chart below and as later corroborated by all the actors operating in Somaliland and Puntland interviewed during the survey: “The absence of jobs and perspectives directly fuels the emigration of hundreds of youth from Somaliland and Puntland” (KII with UNHCR Somalia). Root causes: In the second phase of the preliminary assessment, Key Informant Interviews helped the research team map key factors of the aforementioned disconnection: 1) reluctance from youth to accept ‘degrading’ jobs (problem of subjective self- assessment); 2) focus on a few niches and lack of marketable skills (problem of mismatch and marketability); 3) failure of technical and higher education actors (problem of objective skills). Definition of indices: In the third phase of the preliminary assessment, indices were defined to test the three assumptions made on the root causes of the observed disconnect. Three compatibility indices were compiled, based on the complementary questions in the youth and employer rapid labour market assessments, to examine the interaction between youth and prospective employers, and specifically test one of the three hypotheses or problems identified in the second phase – as shown in the chart below. Chart 1 – Research Framework Research question Hypotheses – Problems Compatibility indices What is the nature of the Youth- Employment-Migration Nexus… and Disconnection? Self-Assessment: Reluctance to accept jobs perceived as ‘degrading’ Skills mismatch: Focus on a few niches (IT, business) while other skills are ignored Objective skills: Failure of technical and higher
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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