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A test set is used to determine the accuracy of the

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A test set is used to determine the accuracy of the model. Usually, the given data set is divided into training and test sets, with training set used to build the model and test set used to validate it.
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© Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 17 Classification Example Tid Refund Marital Status Taxable Income Cheat 1 Yes Single 125K No 2 No Married 100K No 3 No Single 70K No 4 Yes Married 120K No 5 No Divorced 95K Yes 6 No Married 60K No 7 Yes Divorced 220K No 8 No Single 85K Yes 9 No Married 75K No 10 No Single 90K Yes c a t e g o r i l n u s Refund Marital Status Taxable Income Cheat No Single 75K ? Yes Married 50K ? No Married 150K ? Yes Divorced 90K ? No Single 40K ? No Married 80K ? Test Set Training Set Model Learn Classifier
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© Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 18 Classification: Application 1 Direct Marketing Goal: Reduce cost of mailing by targeting a set of consumers likely to buy a new cell-phone product. Approach: Use the data for a similar product introduced before. We know which customers decided to buy and which decided otherwise. This {buy, don’t buy} decision forms the class attribute . Collect various demographic, lifestyle, and company- interaction related information about all such customers. Type of business, where they stay, how much they earn, etc. Use this information as input attributes to learn a classifier model. From [Berry & Linoff] Data Mining Techniques, 1997
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© Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 19 Classification: Application 2 Fraud Detection Goal: Predict fraudulent cases in credit card transactions. Approach: Use credit card transactions and the information on its account-holder as attributes. When does a customer buy, what does he buy, how often he pays on time, etc Label past transactions as fraud or fair transactions. This forms the class attribute. Learn a model for the class of the transactions. Use this model to detect fraud by observing credit card transactions on an account.
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© Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 20 Classification: Application 3 Customer Attrition/Churn: Goal: To predict whether a customer is likely to be lost to a competitor. Approach: Use detailed record of transactions with each of the past and present customers, to find attributes. How often the customer calls, where he calls, what time-of-the day he calls most, his financial status, marital status, etc. Label the customers as loyal or disloyal. Find a model for loyalty. From [Berry & Linoff] Data Mining Techniques, 1997
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© Tan,Steinbach, Kumar Introduction to Data Mining 4/18/2004 21 Classification: Application 4 Sky Survey Cataloging Goal: To predict class (star or galaxy) of sky objects, especially visually faint ones, based on the telescopic survey images (from Palomar Observatory). 3000 images with 23,040 x 23,040 pixels per image.
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A test set is used to determine the accuracy of the model...

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