Human infants and very young children simply imitate without understanding what they are doing They will imitate people around them especially their

Human infants and very young children simply imitate

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Human infants and very young children, simply imitate without understanding what they are doing They will imitate people around them especially their parentsAs they grow older children become better at understanding symbols (ie.Waving) and using symbols to interact with others. When they get betterat these symbols they get better at language and nonverbal language. These are all crucial to the socialization process Once they have developed these symbols, and develop some meaningfulinteraction based upon these symbols. Then and only then they can move on to the next stage The play stage It is during the play stage that children start to develop the ability to takethe role of particular others toward themselves The ability to take the role of others develops through play Animals engage in play, but only human children play at being someone else oYoung children will play as mommy and daddy (when they startto take the role of their parents in play, they are able to develop the ability to see themselves as their parents do) As a result of such play a child learns to become both subject and object and starts to build a self When the child starts to build the self, there is a self then emerges but it is a limited self. It is a limited self because children can only take the roles of a few and distinctive others The game stage It is in the game stage that a person develops a true sense of self In the game stage the child must take the role of everyone involved in a game (not just a few individuals, but everyone) oChildren will often engage in the game hide and seek. In the game of hide and seek the child who is seeking has a certain roleas a seeker but that child also has to consider the role of others. oThe child will put himself or herself in the shoes of the other children and tries to imagine where they might be hiding oBy taking the role of everyone involved in the game, the entire group, rather than just or 2 individuals as in the play stage, the child will develop a more general picture of what is expected of him or her and how others in social groups will act towards him or her Two kinds of “others” oThe significant other A persons whose opinion matters to us Mead indicated that a significant other is important in a variety of ways, but what he was more concerned with was the parent and teacher. Because they are very important during the preparatory stage The generalized otherThe generalized other is the view of an entire community or a social groupThis ability to take the role of the generalized other is essential to the self People have to be able to evaluate themselves from the view of the generalized other

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