By 2004 they cost anywhere from us 5070 flanigan 2004

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By 2004, they cost anywhere from US $50–70 (Flanigan, 2004).Deconcentrating poverty through housing/service displacementThe concentration and containment of the homeless on Skid Row began to yield by thelate1990stodeconcentrationanddisplacementpressures.Here,wefocusondisplacement of housing and services; next we tackle a second mechanism of povertydeconcentration: displacement by police action and harassment. In 1999, city zoningofficials identified 11 Downtown residential hotels in Skid Row as public nuisances.Hotel owners were ordered to improve conditions with renovations and install securitycameras in response to community complaints on crime. In 2003, the city councildemanded the city to ‘begin vigorously enforcing orders to crack down on drug dealingand prostitution, clear trash and properly dispose of needles and syringes in and nearSkid Row hotels, bars, and liquor stores’ (Rivera, 2003a). While some of thesecomplaints represented efforts by tenants and their allies to improve the buildings,pressures on hotels to undergo costly renovations also served business and politicalinterests to close them. According to Frank A. Weiser, the Travelers Hotel’s attorney,‘Nobody has ever shown an actual case of someone being arrested in the hotel or crimeoriginating from the hotel. I think there is a political agenda because these hotels cater tothe homeless, and because of downtown development, they don’t want the homeless orhotels around anymore’ (Rivera, 2003a). Similarly, the San Julian Hotel was demolishedin 2003 to make space for a children’s park as a result of a public nuisance ordinance andamidst complaints of drug activities (Rivera, 2003b). The Downtown Women’s Center(DWC), which provided low-cost housing and services to women living in Skid Rowsince the late 1970s, was also slated for relocation in 2008 because of revitalizationefforts (Vincent, 2004).3Owners of SRO hotels seeking to profit from Downtowndevelopment projects have also practiced illegal evictions of tenants — using theso-called ‘28-day shuffle’ in which residents are moved every month within the hotel sothey can never claim the legal protections from eviction provided to tenants (Stewart,2004).3Recently, a developer bought a parking lot located near the center with plans to construct newstores in the area, thus the relocating to the heart of Skid Row.Deconcentrating poverty in downtown Los Angeles317International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 34.2© 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 Joint Editors and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
The CCEA had long promoted ‘the de-concentration away from Downtown’ forservices for low-income residents, and the more powerful CCA joined them in 2002(CCA, 2002; Barney, 2007; Blasiet al., 2007). As a CCEA staff person for theorganization explained:It’s frustratingfor the industryto see somebody out there who’s half naked, could bebleeding . . . no shoes on, screaming obscenities to people in the middle of the street and

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Term
Winter
Professor
Walter J. Nicholls

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