The church giving at the expense of the family going without also does encroach

The church giving at the expense of the family going

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receive and often times it will be done at your own expense. The church giving at the expense of the family going without also does encroach in the Pacific business. If you look at it as a wheel, often within the Pacific culture, part of running a business and you are brought up in a culture where church is a big element of that.” (BE11) Short term-oriented Pacific operators spent significant resources for “gifting” to nurture relationships (Cowley et al., 2004) and assisting family members (Meleisea, 1987).
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143 These behaviours were symptomatic of their collectivism and femininity cultural traits where they nurtured relationships and gave priority to community and church commitments over those of the family and the business (Prescott & Hooper, 2009), which led to financial strain: “The culture to give to your family is ingrained in you the minute that you are born. Your whole existence is to give to the church and to give to the family. Because if you don’t give to God, you won’t be blessed and if you don’t give to your mother, she will curse you and it has been ingrained in us when we are brought up . . . People even take out loans in order to compete in the church giving because the family’s name is being announced for the church giving.” (P7) “The church giving and announcing the name is a competition and it is a ridiculous scenario like people want to outshine the others and want to do better than the others, even if they don’t have the money. It is ridiculous for them to put up this show even if they suffered personally.” (P3) “The family and the church also encroach in the business for a Pacific person. As soon as a Pacific person starts a business there is a perception from all the other Pacific Islanders (since there are not many of us in business) that they are millionaires (they got to be). So now all the pastors will come to you and they expect you to give more money in the church offerings. Your family will come to you because if they need a loan, they will talk to you since you are in business. It is worst if you are in business and you are a leader in that community. That is twice as hard because there is a huge expectation both internally and externally from other people.” (BE12) Not only do church and family giving erode Pacific operators’ ability to meet tax payments, but their lack of cash planning resulting from their low uncertainty avoidance values is a contributing factor for their tax payment difficulties, as discussed in the next subsection. 8.5.1 Pacific operators’ cash management and planning skills Existing literature shows that most Pacific business spending is not planned but ad hoc (McCoy & Havea, 2006). In particular, there is no resource allocation for the future as they are accustomed to the bountiful natural resources in their home countries (Crocombe, 1976). Future planning, such as for tax payments, is uncommon as their focus is on living for the present moment, which reflects their low uncertainty avoidance and short term orientation:
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144 “The lack of cash-flow management is also symptomatic of the Island
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  • Fall '16
  • tax compliance, SME Operators

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