During the 19thcentury, the first half experienced a frontier created by key expansions in transport. The government constructed canals like the Erie Canal which opened up new regions to westward colonists, whereas, developments in water transport most remarkably the steamboat enabled enhanced transportation along the Mississippi River and its streams (Hunter, 2012). After the 1840s, which is regarded as the “Golden Age of the steamboat,” a new transportation means, the railway, intensified the America’s economic reigns, and took it to heights and places ithad never been previously (Bain, 2000). The west and east were forever and finally connected bythe Transcontinental Railroad which was completed in 1869. The railways became the driving force of the American economy.
4ECONOMIC GROWTH OF AMERICA BETWEEN 1790 AND 1860The American economy was majorly agricultural during the beginning of the 19thcentury.After the US had become a new nation in 1786, the first president and the third president encouraged agricultural production. Thomas Jefferson primarily supported the agrarian society and advocated marginal government with a strong agricultural core. The simple but ingenious cotton ginning machine by Eli Whitney in 1793 turned the New American South into a cotton empire. With the Westward expansion and the construction of canals as well as the introduction of steamboats, new agricultural areas were opened. Besides, the construction of the transcontinental railway boosted the growth of the American economy so much.
5ECONOMIC GROWTH OF AMERICA BETWEEN 1790 AND 1860ReferencesBain, D. H. (2000). Empire express: Building the first transcontinental railroad. Penguin.Conte, C., Karr, A. R., Clack, G., Hug, K. E., & United States. Department of State. Office of International Information Programs (Washington). (2001). Outline of the US Economy. US Department of State, Office of International Information Programs.Curtis, P. N. (1962). The Emergence of a National Economy, 1775-1815. White Plains-New York, ME Sharpe, Inc., réimpression notée datée de l'édition de, 235.Hilliard, S. B., & Cobb, J. C. (2014). Hog meat and hoecake: food supply in the old south, 1840-1860. University of Georgia Press.Hunter, L. C. (2012). Steamboats on the Western rivers: An economic and technological history. Courier Corporation.Gates, P. W. (1960). Farmer's Age: Agriculture, 1815-1860.Otto, J. S. (1989). The Southern Frontiers, 1607-1860: The Agricultural Evolution of the Colonial and Antebellum South(No. 133). ABC-CLIO.Perkins, E. J. (1988). The economy of colonial America. Columbia University Press.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 5 pages?
- Fall '14
- Economic Development, President of the United States, Economy of the United States