John BurgoyneHe was a British general that submitted a plan for invading New York state from Canada. He was then given charge of the army. He surrendered at Saratoga on Oct. 17, 1777. This battle helped to bring France into the war as an ally for the colonies.Charles CornwallisHe was a British general who fought in the Seven Years War, was elected to the House of Commons in 1760, and lost battles to George Washington on December 26, 1776 and on January 3, 1777. On October19, 1781, he surrendered his troops at Yorktown signaling the end of the American Revolution.Thomas PaineHe wrote the pamphlet Common Sense saying the colonies should set up America as an independent, democratic, republic away from England. Over120,000 copies of his pamphlet were sold and this helped spark the colonists' call for independence.Barry St. LegerHe was a British officer in the American Revolutionary War. He led a British advance into New York's
Mohawk Valley in the summer of 1777. Hoping to join the British army of General John Burgoyne at Albany. He was halted by American forces and retreated to Canada.George Rogers ClarkHe was a frontiersman who led the seizing of 3 British forts in 1777 along the Ohio River. This later led to the British giving the region north of the Ohio River to the United StatesRichard Henry LeeHe was a member of Philadelphia's Continental Congress during the late 1770's. On June 7, 1776 he declared, "These United colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states." This resolution was the start of the Declaration of Independence.Horatio GatesHe was a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War. He took credit for the American victory in the Battles of Saratoga (1777) - a matter of contemporary and historical controversy - and was blamed for the defeat at the Battle of Camden in 1780.John Paul JonesHe was America's first well-known naval commander in the American Revolutionary War.Thomas JeffersonHe was a member of the House of Burgesses, wrote the Declaration of Independence, was ambassador to France, and was the third president of the United States of America.Marquis de LafayetteHe was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War on the side of the colonists.Admiral de GrasseHe was a French admiral best known for his command of the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake, which led directly to the British surrender at Yorktown.Patrick HenryHe was a fiery lawyer during Revolutionary War times. Supporting a break from Great Britain, he is famous for the words, "...give me liberty, or give me death!" which concluded a speech given to the Virginia Assembly in 1775.Comte de RochambeauHe commanded a powerful French army of 6,000 troops in the summer of 1780 and arrived in Newport, Rhode Island. He was planning a Franco-American attack on New York.John JayHe was the First Chief Justice of the United States, and also an American statesman and jurist. Elected tothe Continental Congress, he also helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain, ending the American Revolution.
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American Revolution, United States Declaration of Independence, Continental Congress