Theotrical and conceptual framework this part

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II. THEOTRICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK This part presents the literature related to the study and the theoretical considerations that serve as the bases for the Conceptual Framework , and the Theoretical Framework.. Review of Related Studies and Conceptual Literature A. Related Literature OVERVIEW OF CHAVACANO VARIETIES All of the varieties are mostly mutually intelligible with some lexical differences between the Manila Bay variety and the Southern varieties, mostly because of the Visayan influence in the latter. For the most part, the three varieties have a high degree of grammatical similarity. Some of the commonly mentioned morphosyntactic differences include the plural pronominal system (e.g. mihotro in Ternate, nisos in Cavite and kita [inclusive] and kami [exclusive] in Zamboanga, and the irrealis marking (ay in Zamboanga and di in the Manila Bay varieties. In addition, Zamboanga Chabacano has incorporated a greater amount of Filipino morphology. The varieties can also be distinguished on the basis of their approximation to Spanish. Cavite Chabacano (CC) and ZM (Zamboagueño) are relatively similar to Spanish. Most speakers assert that the Ternate variety is the one that departs the most from Spanish, in Grant’s (2012: 335), words, Ternateño “is the most aberrant as, in addition to elements from Spanish and Tagalog which CC also contains, it includes small bodies of items form Portuguese, Moluccan Malay and the non- Austronesian language Bahasa Ternate.” Riego de Dios (1989), shows that ZM contains more Philippine lexical elements than other forms of Chabacano. In fact, the amount of Philippine lexicon leads some (Steinkrüger 2010, Grant 2012) to argue that ZM is shifting to include more Filipino and 5 English loanwords, and shows more Filipino derivational morphology than the Manila Bay varieties (Steinkrüger 2008: 217). Cavite Chabacano may be the variety that most closely approximates the lexifier (Riego de Dios 1979).
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B. Related Studies An investigation of lexical closeness plans to decide the sign of shared comprehensibility of two dialects. This reviews the level of phonetic, morphological and syntactic likenesses. Insights in lexical examinations is utilized to choose the fanning request of dialects in their assumed hereditary tree. Lexical examination basically can fabricate an expansive phylogeny of enormous arrangement of dialects. In the Philippines, a few dialects were brought into the world so as to convey. Colonizers and merchants carried with them their dialects to our nation offering route to the introduction of another dialect called Chabacano. Camins (1999) refered to that Chabacano all began from our need to speak with Spanish Colonizers. He further examined that Chabacano in Cavite and that in Zamboanga are lexically and phonologically closer to the Spanish language. The blend of neighborhood and Spanish lexical things involves the language corpus of the two Chabacano assortments. In any case, notwithstanding the land and time partition of both Chabacano dialects, these assortments share regular highlights.
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  • Fall '19
  • Zamboanga City, Chavacano language, Languages of the Philippines

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